Lime tree grow and care – tree of the genus citrus is a few type of trees with the name Lime also known as Lemon tree, Lime tree perennial evergreen plant, grow for edible fruits, can be used also as ornamental plant and can grow as dwarf tree or bonsai, can grow in tropical, subtropical, mediterranean, desert climate and growing in hardiness growing zone 8+.
Leaves color green in elliptic shape and some cultivars has thorns, flowers are white with purple with yellow stamen.
Lime tree edible fruit
Fruit size ~13-24 cm’ and color is mostly green, but can be yellow, white. Most of the Lime trees are sour but Sweet Lime tree is sweet, the inner fruit divided by segments, the segment cover with soft thin layer, it containing the pulp (little cones covered with a thinner layer). Rind color green, green-yellowish, yellow The rind is edible but sometimes little bitter also used as flavor and fragrant
How to grow Lime tree growing conditions and care:
Well-drained soil, better loamy soil, moist soil in the fruits season and better to put mulch
How to care: Design for easy to pick the fruits (when there are thorns it’s important but not all cultivars have thorns), add to the soil, organic matter, humus and fertilizer, in location with hot summer sun that the main trunk is expose to the sun better to better to whitewash (lime paint)
What is the best way to start growing: Plant / Seed / Cutting / Air layering
Is it necessary to graft or cutting? Yes, necessary to ensure the existent of the fruits and quality of the fruits and there are different parameters: size, taste (sweet, sour or something in between), juicy or dry, amount of seeds or seedless, season of the fruits (different cultivars have different dates for the fruits), better to graft more than one cultivar or more than on citrus.
Cutting need to use for the base of the tree for: disease-free, base that fit for different soils, resistance for drought, base that won’t resist for grafting or specific cultivar for the fruits.
Difficulties/Problems with growing Limes plant: Thorns
Planting season: Spring to summer in hardiness growing zone 8-10a, spring or autumn hardiness zone 10b-11a, possible also in summer and winter the main problem it’s hot and cold days that might cause future problem and even kill the plant, hardiness zone 11b+ planted all year
Pests and diseases in Limes plant: Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis
Pruning season: All the year
How to prune a Limes plant: Dead branch, cross branch, too much growth density
Size of the plant? 2-10 m, 6-30 feet, can keep it small as dwarf in the size 1-2m, 3-6 feet (40-80 inches)
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water, usually the plant need more water in the fruits season, but usually it’s when there are rains and if raining season delay need to increase the amount of water that the fruits won’t be dry and won’t explode.
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun and possible to grow in half shade in the right care but will produce less fruits
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No, but possible to grow next to window with sun that possible, grow it as dwarf tree and will take more time to get fruits
Growing is also possible in a pot, planter, flowerpot or containers: Yes, when grow in container need to choose the desirable container if it’s small plant it directly if it’s a big container bigger than 100% than the root ball consider start to grow with small container, better to switch the soil once in few years, when start to grow check that the graft of the tree not too much high and choose plant that can grow as dwarf tree or to grow it as bonsai.
Bloom season: Most of the year
General information about the flower flowers are white with yellow stamen
Thinning / Deadheading of Limes plant Blossom: the first year should thinning the flowers,
Pollination is done by: Bees
Fruit harvest season: Most of the year
Pestsor diseases in Limes fruit: Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, Alternaria
What can be donewith bigquantities of Limes fruit? Eat, juice alcohol, the rind used fragrant, fruit leather, sugary rind
Work requirements on the fruit: Pick up (sometimes cut brunches that grow into the fruit)
How long does it take for a Limes plant to bear fruit? 2-3
Ripening of fruit Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house (or even to use them)
Kaffir Lime tree – tree or shrub, the leaves are edible, fruit size ~3-5 cm’ and color is green, yellow with sour taste.
Finger Lime tree – shrub or small tree, fruit size ~3-10 cm, the pulp is small round cells, fruit colors: yellow, write, red, green, it can be sweet / sour or something in between. Rind appears in green, red brown, orange or black.
Key Lime tree – tree, fruit size ~3-5 cm’ and color is green, yellow, with sour taste. The rind color: green sometime green-yellowish
Persian Lime tree – tree with thorns, sour fruit, the size ~4-6 cm’ and color is green with little bit of yellow. Some cultivars are seedless. The rind is thick in green color.
Sweet Lime tree – tree, fruit size ~13-24 cm’ and color is yellow/white, it is sweet something with a little sour. Rind color is yellow.
How to grow Lime tree from seeds
Sowing requirement: Moist soil, well-drained soil, 20-27C temperature and better in sunny location
Saving and care seeds until sowing: Dry, dark location in room temperature
Sowing season: Spring to early summer (possible also summer to autumn)
How to plant: Planting in soil that keep moist, cover the seed lightly
Planting spacing: Better in separate pots, direct on the place 3*4m (10*13 feet), for transplant 5*5 cm (2*2 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 2cm (1inches)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Keep the soil and don’t let it dry, rich soil and sunny location
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water
Germination time: 2-4 weeks, but can take longer
Condition of seedling: If there is Citrus leaf miner in one of the trees in the area, better to put it in greenhouse or indoor to protect the tree, young tree very sensitive to citrus leaf miners, better to cover the soil with mulch.