Orangequat tree grow and care – tree of the genus citrus also known as Nippon Orangequat or Naranjaquat Orangequat grow as shrub or tree perennial evergreen plant, grow for edible fruits, can be used also as ornamental plant and can grow as dwarf tree or bonsai, can grow in subtropical or mediterranean or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 9-12, and with the right overwinter care in hardiness zone 8.

Leaves color green in elliptic shape can be with thorns.

Flower color white petals and yellow stamen with five petals.

Orangequat tree edible fruits

Fruit color orange in bell to drop shape, taste sour with little bit bitter, fruit size ~2 -4 cm and. The inner fruit divided by segments, the segment cover with soft thin layer, it containing the pulp (little cones covered with a thinner layer), peel color orange and also edible eaten raw, also used as flavor and fragrant

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How to grw Orangequat growing and care:

Well-drained soil, better loamy soil, moist soil in the fruits season and better to put mulch

How to care:
Design for easy to pick the fruits (when there are thorns it’s important but not all cultivars have thorns), add to the soil, organic matter, humus and fertilizer, in location with hot summer sun that the main trunk is expose to the sun better to better to whitewash (lime paint)

What is the best way to start growing:
Plant / Seed / Cutting / Air layering

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction??
Yes, necessary to ensure the existent of the fruits and quality of the fruits and better to graft more than one cultivar or more than on citrus.

Cutting need to use for the base of the tree for: disease-free, base that fit for different soils, resistance for drought, base that won’t resist for grafting.

Difficulties or problems when growing:
When the tree young very sensitive to citrus leaf miner, thorns

Planting season:
Spring to summer in hardiness zone 8-10a, spring or autumn hardiness zone 10b-11a, possible also in summer and winter the main problem it’s hot and cold days that might cause future problem and even kill the plant, hardiness zone 11b+ planted all year

Pests and diseases:
Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis

Pruning season:
When there is no fruits on the branch

How to prune:
Dead branch, cross branch, too much density

Size of the plant?
1-4 m, (3-12 feet)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water, usually the plant need more water in the fruits season, but usually it’s when there are rains and if raining season delay need to increase the amount of water that the fruits won’t be dry and won’t explode.

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun and possible to grow in half shade in the right care but will produce less fruits

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No, but possible to grow next to window with sun that possible, grow it as dwarf tree and will take more time to get fruits

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, when grow in container need to make or take dwarf tree or bonsai, even bonsai can bear fruits, need to use potting soil or mix of peat soil with perlite, drainage and holes in the pot important, don’t let the water stand in the bottom of the pot, need ever few years to switch the soil of the pot and better to start with pot that will be 20% bigger than the roots ball and every time to change it with new soil, no point that the soil will stay in the pot for no reason just lose the viability

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Summer / Autumn

General information about the flower
White petals with yellow stamen

Thinning the bloom:
The first year should thinning the flowers

Pollination is done by:
Bees, self polination

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Autumn / Winter

Fruits pests or diseases:
Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, Alternaria

What can be done with big quantities of Orangequat fruits?
Eat, juice, peel used as: fragrant, fruit leather, sugary peel

Work requirements on the fruit:
Pick up (sometimes cut brunches that grow into the fruit)

How long does it take to bear fruit?
1-3 years

Ripening of fruit
Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house

How to grow Orangequat tree from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Moist soil, well-drained soil, 20-27C temperature and better in sunny location

Saving and care seeds until sowing:
Dry, dark location in room temperature

Sowing season:
Spring to early summer (possible also summer to autumn)

How to plant:
Planting in soil that keep moist, cover the seed lightly

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots, direct on the place 3*4m (10*13 feet), for transplant 5*5 cm (2*2 inches)

Depth of Sowing:
2cm (1inches)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Keep the soil and don’t let it dry, rich soil and sunny location

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
2-4 weeks, but can take longer

Condition of seedling:
If there is Citrus leaf miner in one of the trees in the area, better to put it in greenhouse or indoor to protect the tree, young tree very sensitive to citrus leaf miners, better to cover the soil with mulch.

Scientific name:

Citrus japonica

How to grow Orangequat

Orangequat edible fruit

Orangequat tree fruit

Orangequat tree

Orangequat

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