Bergamot orange growing tree of the genus citrus also known as Sour orange or Citrus bergamia is a type of Bitter orange hybrid between Bitter orange with Citron, Bergamot plant grows as perennial evergreen with thorns used also as ornamental plant. It can grow in subtropical or mediterranean climate 10+.
Flowers fragrance in color white with purple with yellow stamen and the flower use for essential oils.
Fruit shape kind of pear the size ~5-8 cm’ and color is yellow-green, the taste it bitter sour. Inner fruit divided by segments, the segment cover with soft thin layer, it containing the pulp (little cones covered with a thinner layer). The rind is edible but sometimes little bitter also used as flavor and fragrant
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Requirements for growing Citrus bergamia plant care:
Frost free, well drained
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Not but possible
Difficulties or problems when growing:
When the tree young very sensitive to citrus leaf miner, thorns
Spring to autumn
Pests and diseases:
Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis
How to prune:
Dead branch, cross branch, too much density
Size of the plant?
4-9 m, 12-27 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Small amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter, flowerpot or containers:
Summer / Autumn
General information about the Citrus bergamia flower:
Flowers are white with yellow stamen
Thinning the bloom:
The first year should thinning the flowers
Pollination is done by:
Fruit harvest season:
Autumn / Winter
Fruits pests or diseases:
Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, Alternaria
What can be done with big quantities of Citrus bergamia fruit?
Eat, juice, the rind used fragrant, fruit leather, sugary rind
Work requirements on the fruit:
Pick up (sometimes cut brunches that grow into the fruit)
How long does it take to bear fruit?
Ripening of fruit:
Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house