Bergamot orange tree for sale – Easy plant to grow with edible fruits, mostly grown for the ornamental fruits, planting in spring to autumn, better to buy plant or grafted tree or another option to start from seeds yet more challenging.
Bergamot orange tree – information before buying:
Growing information: perennial plant, growing hardiness zone: 10+, water needed – small to average amount, light conditions – full sun to partial shade, height: 4-9m, 12-30 feet.
Blooming in the summer to autumn in cross shaped flowers that appear in white with purple color.
Fruits harvesting in the autumn to spring, fruits can be used as juice or the peal as leather fruits or sugary rind.
Alternative names: Citrus bergamia, Sour orange
Bergamot orange tree for sale – Seeds or plants
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Bergamot orange tree for sale – What need to know before buying Bergamot orange? When is the best season to buy Bergamot orange?
Bergamot orange tree for sale
Bergamot orange tree for sale – need to know that better to buy grafted tree, that need minimum cool winter, when the tree young it’s sensitive to leaf miner, need full sun, season to buy Bergamot orange tree can be all the year except the hot months.
Plants of the same type: plum tree, Charcoal, Tamarillo, Khaki
There are 3 varieties of bergamot trees (Citrus bergamia): Fantastico, Castagnaro and Femminello.
- Citrus bergamia ‘Castagnaro’ called ‘male’ (the most common variety): The fruits are beautiful and large size, slightly flattened at the ends, with a rough texture and an acid taste.It isn’t a very vigorous tree, with flowering and late harvest (January-February). It is used to produce oil (of lower quality than ‘Fantastico’).
- Bergamot tree ‘Fantastico’: It produces medium-sized fruits (130 g) with a rough texture. It is a recent variety, rustic, vigorous and very productive (70% of the Italian harvest). Good development of the tree whose leaves are larger than those of other cultivars (varieties). Harvest from December to January. The fruits are rich in essential oil, of “intermediate” quality
- Citrus bergamia ‘Femminello’ called ‘female’: produces small fruits. It is the oldest variety, not very vigorous and not very productive (20% of the harvest). This variety reaches maturity before December. Bergamot ‘Femminello’ contains a lot of good quality oil with special aromatic properties.
Uses – Bergamot essential oil stimulates the stomach, soothes digestion and has anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties. In case of intestinal colic, it helps fight intestinal parasites. In cooking, zest and citrus of bergamot are widely used, to flavor Earl grey tea but also sweets. Bergamot can also be used candied in tagines or combined with other citrus to make a jam.
Propagation – Bergamot is grafted onto a rootstock. Grafting is practically the only way to reproduce bergamot. It is done nowadays on feet of Citrus aurantium, 60 cm high. Previously, bergamot was grafted onto Citrus aurantifolia. Growth is slow. A bergamot foot takes 7 years to produce. It then produces for 50 years.
Location –sunny place and protected against winds. The temperature cannot be below- 5°C (23°F).
Soil – Rich well drained
Pruning – No pruning is really essential but certain actions should allow you to improve the harvest and the growth of the bergamot tree. After harvesting, reduce each new growth by about half, taking care to cut just above a leaf. Remove the dead wood as you go along and possibly ventilate the inside of the tree to give it light. This will allow the bergamot tree to keep a nice compact shape.
Watering – In flowerpots, it is important to water as soon as the soil is dry, without flooding the pot. During the growth period, regularly provide an organic “special citrus” fertilizer. Avoid any heat source such as near a radiator, as this can dry out your tree. For outdoors trees, water in case of high heat or prolonged drought.
Blooming – Flowering appears in summer. It consists of bouquets of small white-pink fragrant flowers. Bergamot fruits are present on the tree throughout the year. They are orange with green flesh and become yellow when ripe.
Pest and diseases – Like many citrus fruits, bergamot is sensitive to certain parasites such as mealybugs and aphids but also to a fungus called moniliosis which creates fruit rot.
- Cochineal: a whitish mass invades the foliage bergamot tree
- Aphids: bergamot leaves curl and fall off
- Moniliose: bergamot rot on the bergamot tree