Kaffir lime tree grow and care – tree or shrub of the genus citrus type of Lime also known as Makrut Lime, Kaffir lime tree perennial evergreen plant, grow for edible fruits, can be used also as ornamental plant and can grow as dwarf tree or bonsai, can grow in tropical, subtropical or mediterranean climate 10+ and with the right care in hardiness zone 9.
Kaffir lime tree edible leaves and fruits
Leaves are edible, the leaf grow as two leaves contacted to one.
Flowers are white with yellow stamen.
Fruit size ~3-5 cm’ and color is green, yellow with sour taste. The inner fruit divided by segments, the segment cover with soft thin layer, it containing the pulp (little cones covered with a thinner layer). Rind color green with bumps and the rind is edible little bitter, also used as flavor and fragrant.
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How to grow Kaffir lime tree growing and care:
Well-drained soil, better loamy soil, moist soil in the fruits season and better to put mulch
How to care:
Design for easy to pick the fruits (when there are thorns it’s important but not all cultivars have thorns), add to the soil, organic matter, humus and fertilizer, in location with hot summer sun that the main trunk is expose to the sun better to better to whitewash (lime paint)
What is the best way to start growing:
Plant / Seed / Cutting / Air layering
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction??
Yes, necessary to ensure the existent of the fruits and quality of the fruits and better to graft more than one cultivar or more than on citrus.
Cutting need to use for the base of the tree for: disease-free, base that fit for different soils, resistance for drought, base that won’t resist for grafting.
Difficulties/Problems with growing:
Spring to summer in hardiness zone 9-10a, spring or autumn hardiness zone 10b-11a, possible also in summer and winter the main problem it’s hot and cold days that might cause future problem and even kill the plant, hardiness zone 11b+ planted all year
Pests and diseases:
Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis
All the year
How to prune:
Dead branch, cross branch, too much growth density
Size of the plant?
Shrub 0.7-2m (28-80 inches) / 4-10 m (12-30 feet)
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing to slow growing
Average amount of water, usually the plant need more water in the fruits season, but usually it’s when there are rains and if raining season delay need to increase the amount of water that the fruits won’t be dry and won’t explode.
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun and possible to grow in half shade in the right care but will produce less fruits
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No, but possible to grow next to window with sun that possible, grow it as dwarf tree and will take more time to get fruits
Growing also possible in pots, planter, flowerpot, containers:
Yes, when grow in container need to make or take dwarf tree or bonsai, even bonsai can bear fruits, need to use potting soil or mix of peat soil with perlite, drainage and holes in the pot important, don’t let the water stand in the bottom of the pot, need ever few years to switch the soil of the pot and better to start with pot that will be 20% bigger than the roots ball and every time to change it with new soil, no point that the soil will stay in the pot for no reason just lose the viability
When does flowers bloom?
Spring / Summer
General information about the flower
White flowers with yellow stamen
Thinning / Deadheading of the blossom:
Two first years should thinning the flowers,
Pollination is done by:
When does it yield:
Autumn / Winter
Pests or diseases in Kaffir lime fruit:
Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, Alternaria
What can be done with big quantities of Kaffir lime fruit?
Eat, juice, alcohol, the rind used fragrant, fruit leather, sugary rind, spread
Work requirements on the fruit:
Pick up (sometimes cut brunches that grow into the fruit)
How long does it take to bear fruit?
Ripening of fruit
Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house (or even to use them)
When to trim the leaves?
How to trim the leaves?
Recommend not to take from fruit area, for fresh leaves young
Information about leaves:
Oval leaf connected to smaller oval leaf
Uses of Kaffir lime tree leaves:
Cuisine, cooked, spread, dry or fresh
How to grow Kaffir lime tree from seeds
Moist soil, well-drained soil, 20-27C temperature and better in sunny location
Saving and care seeds until sowing:
Dry, dark location in room temperature
Spring to early summer (possible also summer to autumn)
How to plant:
Planting in soil that keep moist, cover the seed lightly
Better in separate pots, direct on the place 3*4m (10*13 feet), for transplant 5*5 cm (2*2 inches)
Depth of Sowing:
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Keep the soil and don’t let it dry, rich soil and sunny location
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water
2-4 weeks, but can take longer
Condition of seedling:
If there is Citrus leaf miner in one of the trees in the area, better to put it in greenhouse or indoor to protect the tree, young tree very sensitive to citrus leaf miners, better to cover the soil with mulch.
Categories of growing
Planting Season: Autumn Planting, Spring Planting, Summer planting
Light exposure requirements: Full sun Plants
Climates that the plant can grow: Mediterranean Climate, Subtropics Climate, Tropics Climate
Growing speed of the plant: Average growing plants
Plant life-form: Evergreen, Perennial plant, Tree
Plant Uses: Edible plants, Ornamental plants
Requirements for watering the plant: Regularly water, Small amounts of water
Hardiness zones: Hardiness zone 10, Hardiness zone 11, Hardiness zone 12, Hardiness zone 13
Ornamental parts: Ornamental fruit, Ornamental leaves, Ornamental plant
Blooming season: Autumn flowers, Summer flowers
Flower colors: White flower
Harvest Season: Autumn Harvest, Winter harvest
Edible Parts: Edible Fruit, Edible leaves
Culinary uses: Alcoholic beverages, Beverage, Cooked, Dried fruit, Eaten raw, Fruit, Ice pop & Ice cream plants, Juice, Spreads & Sauces