Kaffir lime tree grow and care – tree or shrub of the genus citrus type of Lime also known as Makrut Lime, Kaffir lime tree perennial evergreen plant, grow for edible fruits, can be used also as ornamental plant and can grow as dwarf tree or bonsai, can grow in tropical, subtropical or mediterranean climate 10+ and with the right care in hardiness zone 9.

Kaffir lime tree edible leaves and fruits

Leaves are edible, the leaf grow as two leaves contacted to one.

Flowers are white with yellow stamen.

Fruit size ~3-5 cm’ and color is green, yellow with sour taste. The inner fruit divided by segments, the segment cover with soft thin layer, it containing the pulp (little cones covered with a thinner layer). Rind color green with bumps and the rind is edible little bitter, also used as flavor and fragrant.

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How to grow Kaffir lime tree growing and care:

Well-drained soil, better loamy soil, moist soil in the fruits season and better to put mulch

How to care:
Design for easy to pick the fruits (when there are thorns it’s important but not all cultivars have thorns), add to the soil, organic matter, humus and fertilizer, in location with hot summer sun that the main trunk is expose to the sun better to better to whitewash (lime paint)

What is the best way to start growing:
Plant / Seed / Cutting / Air layering

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction??
Yes, necessary to ensure the existent of the fruits and quality of the fruits and better to graft more than one cultivar or more than on citrus.

Cutting need to use for the base of the tree for: disease-free, base that fit for different soils, resistance for drought, base that won’t resist for grafting.

Difficulties/Problems with growing:
Thorns

Planting season:
Spring to summer in hardiness zone 9-10a, spring or autumn hardiness zone 10b-11a, possible also in summer and winter the main problem it’s hot and cold days that might cause future problem and even kill the plant, hardiness zone 11b+ planted all year

Pests and diseases:
Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis

Pruning season:
All the year

How to prune:
Dead branch, cross branch, too much growth density

Size of the plant?
Shrub 0.7-2m (28-80 inches) / 4-10 m (12-30 feet)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing to slow growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water, usually the plant need more water in the fruits season, but usually it’s when there are rains and if raining season delay need to increase the amount of water that the fruits won’t be dry and won’t explode.

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun and possible to grow in half shade in the right care but will produce less fruits

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No, but possible to grow next to window with sun that possible, grow it as dwarf tree and will take more time to get fruits

Growing also possible in pots, planter, flowerpot, containers:
Yes, when grow in container need to make or take dwarf tree or bonsai, even bonsai can bear fruits, need to use potting soil or mix of peat soil with perlite, drainage and holes in the pot important, don’t let the water stand in the bottom of the pot, need ever few years to switch the soil of the pot and better to start with pot that will be 20% bigger than the roots ball and every time to change it with new soil, no point that the soil will stay in the pot for no reason just lose the viability

Blooming information

When does flowers bloom?
Spring / Summer

General information about the flower
White flowers with yellow stamen

Thinning / Deadheading of the blossom:
Two first years should thinning the flowers,

Pollination is done by:
Bees

Edible Fruits

When does it yield:
Autumn / Winter

Pests or diseases in Kaffir lime fruit:
Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, Alternaria

What can be done with big quantities of Kaffir lime fruit?
Eat, juice, alcohol, the rind used fragrant, fruit leather, sugary rind, spread

Work requirements on the fruit:
Pick up (sometimes cut brunches that grow into the fruit)

How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-3

Ripening of fruit
Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house (or even to use them)

Edible leaves

When to trim the leaves?
All year

How to trim the leaves?
Recommend not to take from fruit area, for fresh leaves young

Information about leaves:
Oval leaf connected to smaller oval leaf

Uses of Kaffir lime tree leaves:
Cuisine, cooked, spread, dry or fresh

How to grow Kaffir lime tree from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Moist soil, well-drained soil, 20-27C temperature and better in sunny location

Saving and care seeds until sowing:
Dry, dark location in room temperature

Sowing season:
Spring to early summer (possible also summer to autumn)

How to plant:
Planting in soil that keep moist, cover the seed lightly

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots, direct on the place 3*4m (10*13 feet), for transplant 5*5 cm (2*2 inches)

Depth of Sowing:
2cm (1inches)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Keep the soil and don’t let it dry, rich soil and sunny location

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
2-4 weeks, but can take longer

Condition of seedling:
If there is Citrus leaf miner in one of the trees in the area, better to put it in greenhouse or indoor to protect the tree, young tree very sensitive to citrus leaf miners, better to cover the soil with mulch.

Scientific name:

Citrus hystrix

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