How to grow Bitter orange

Bitter orange tree growing tree of the genus citrus also known as Sour orange or Citrus aurantium. Bitter orange tree grow as perennial evergreen with thorns used also as ornamental plant, it can grow in tropical, subtropical or mediterranean climate and growing in hardiness zone 9+.

Flowers are white with purple with yellow stamen, fruit size ~5-8 cm.

Bitter orange tree fruit

Fruit rind color orange, the rind is edible little bitter also used as flavor and fragrant. The fruit taste is bitter with sour and color is mostly orange, but can yellow. The inner fruit divided by segments, the segment cover with soft thin layer, it containing the pulp (little cones covered with a thinner layer).

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Requirements for Bitter orange tree growing and care:

Frost free, well drained

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed

Is it necessary to graft?
Not but possible

Difficulties/Problems with growing Citrus aurantium:
when the tree young very sensitive to citrus leaf miner, thorns

Planting season:
Spring, Autumn

Pests and diseases:
Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis

Pruning season:

How to prune a Citrus aurantium:
Dead branch, cross branch, too much density

Size of the plant?
4-10 m, 12-30 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Irrigation Water Management:
Small amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing Citrus aurantium:
Full Sun

It is possible to grow indoor?

Growing Citrus aurantium is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

When does Citrus aurantium bloom?
Summer / Autumn

General information about the  flower:
Flowers are white with yellow stamen

Thinning / Deadheading of Citrus aurantium Blossom:
The first year should thinning the flowers

Pollination is done by:

Edible Fruits

When does Citrus aurantium yield:
Autumn / Winter

Pests or diseases in Citrus aurantium fruit:
Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, Alternaria

What can be done with big quantities of Bitter orange tree fruits?
Eat, juice, the rind used fragrant, fruit leather, sugary rind

Work requirements on the Citrus aurantium fruit:
pick up (sometimes cut brunches that grow into the fruit)

How long does it take for to bear fruits?
1.5-3 years

Ripening of Citrus aurantium fruit
Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house

Scientific name:

Citrus aurantium

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone