How to grow Calamondin

Calamondin tree grow and care – tree of the genus Citrus also known as Calamondin orange or Citrus Calamondin, Calamondin tree perennial evergreen plant, grown for the edible fruits but mostly used as ornamental plant for the fruits and grown as bonsai or dwarf, can grow in tropical, subtropical or mediterranean climate also can grow indoor as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 10+ and with the right care hardiness zone 9b.

Leaves color green in elliptic shape, flowers color white, the flowers grow in clusters.

Calamondin orange edible fruit

Fruit size ~1-4 cm’ and color is orange, the inner fruit divided by segments the segment cover with layer. The taste is sour with little hint of sweet

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How to grow Calamondin orange tree:

Well-drained soil, better loamy soil, moist soil in the fruits season and better to put mulch

How to care:
Design for easy to pick the fruits (when there are thorns it’s important but not all cultivars have thorns), add to the soil, organic matter, humus and fertilizer, in location with hot summer sun that the main trunk is expose to the sun better to better to whitewash (lime paint)

What is the best way to start growing:
Plant / Seed / Cutting / Air layering

Is it necessary to graft or cutting?
Yes, necessary to ensure the existent of the fruits and quality of the fruits and there are different parameters: size, taste (sweet, sour or something in between), juicy or dry, amount of seeds or seedless, season of the fruits (different cultivars have different dates for the fruits), better to graft more than one cultivar or more than on citrus.

Cutting need to use for the base of the tree for: disease-free, base that fit for different soils, resistance for drought, base that won’t resist for grafting or specific cultivar for the fruits.

Difficulties/Problems with growing:
Thorns

Planting season:
Spring to summer in hardiness zone 9b-10a, spring or autumn hardiness zone 10b-11a, possible also in summer and winter the main problem it’s hot and cold days that might cause future problem and even kill the plant, hardiness zone 11b+ planted all year

Pests and diseases:
Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis

Pruning season:
Spring / Summer

How to prune:
Dead branch, cross branch, too much density

Size of the plant?
2-6 m, 6-20 feet and possible to grow it as bonsai and will bear fruits

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing to slow growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water, usually the plant need more water in the fruits season, but usually it’s when there are rains and if raining season delay need to increase the amount of water that the fruits won’t be dry and won’t explode.

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun and possible to grow in half shade in the right care but will produce less fruits

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
Yes, easy to grow as houseplant

Growing also possible in pots, planter, flowerpot, containers:
Yes, when grow in container need to make or take dwarf tree or bonsai, even bonsai can bear fruits, need to use potting soil or mix of peat soil with perlite, drainage and holes in the pot important, don’t let the water stand in the bottom of the pot, need ever few years to switch the soil of the pot and better to start with pot that will be 20% bigger than the roots ball and every time to change it with new soil, no point that the soil will stay in the pot for no reason just lose the viability

Blooming information

When does flowers bloom?
Summer / Autumn

General information about the flower
White flowers

Thinning / Deadheading of Calamondin tree Blossom:
The first years should thinning the flowers,

Pollination is done by:
Bees, self-pollination

Edible Fruits

When does it yield:
Autumn / Winter

Pests or diseases in Calamondins fruit:
Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, Alternaria

What can be done with big quantities of Calamondin orange fruit?
Eat, juice, the rind used fragrant, fruit leather, sugary rind

Work requirements on the fruit:
pick up (sometimes cut brunches that grow into the fruit)

How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-3 years

Ripening of fruit:
Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house

How to grow Calamondin tree from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Moist soil, well-drained soil, 20-27C temperature and better in sunny location

Saving and care seeds until sowing:
Dry, dark location in room temperature

Sowing season:
Spring to early summer (possible also summer to autumn)

How to plant:
Planting in soil that keep moist, cover the seed lightly

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots, direct on the place 3*4m (10*13 feet), for transplant 5*5 cm (2*2 inches)

Depth of Sowing:
2cm (1inches)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Keep the soil and don’t let it dry, rich soil and sunny location

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
2-4 weeks, but can take longer

Condition of seedling:
If there is Citrus leaf miner in one of the trees in the area, better to put it in greenhouse or indoor to protect the tree, young tree very sensitive to citrus leaf miners, better to cover the soil with mulch.

Scientific name:

Citrus mitis

Alternative names: calamondin lime, calamondin orange, citrus calamondin

How to grow Calamondin

Calamondin fruits

Calamondin tree growing

Calamondin tree care

Calamondin tree

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