Epidendrum grow and care – epiphytic orchid herbaceous of the genus Epidendrum also known as Reedstem orchid or Reed orchid, Epidendrum perennial evergreen used as ornamental fragrant cut flower plant, can grow in tropic, subtropics climate or as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 10+.
Leaves color green in linear to elliptic shape in the base of the leaves grow on stem.
Flower color can be: red, yellow, green, white, orange, purple, pink mostly more than one color with spots, dots, stripes, flowers with five narrow linear petals and the in the middle like a trumpet with decoration, flower can survive one month.
Recommend temperature at day time 22C (71F) – 30C (85F) at night time 10C (50F) – 20C (68F) can survive light frost not for a lot of time, change old soil, cork soil, bark or bark chip, transparent pot, pot in that will be fit (not too big) room temperature water, clean water (rain water), when change pot need to cut the dead root, need to cork before start to become compost and acid, recommend to use Styrofoam to give air for the root, drained soil, more than 50% humidity
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seedling / Vegetative reproduction
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but really hard to start from seeds
Difficulties or problems when growing: Need to change the pots and the roots grow once a year, better not to put it directly in big pot
Planting season: All year (in places that the winter too cold and the summer to hot better to start in the spring)
Pests and diseases: Aphids, spider mite
Pruning season: After bloom
How to prune: Old yellow leaves, after the bloom cut the stem
Size of the plant? 20-60 cm, 12-24 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Slow growing
Water requirement: Small amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Shade (with a lot of light)
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes
Bloom season: Spring / Summer / Autumn as long given the right temperatures and different between temperature night and the day (in warm summer bloom in the autumn and spring)
General information about the flower Trumpet with decoration flower in the middle with five narrow linear petals, flower can survive one month, color can be: red, yellow, green, white, orange, purple, pink mostly more than one color with spots, dots, stripes