How to grow Euphorbia tirucalli

Euphorbia tirucalli grow and care – shrub‎ to small tree succulent of the genus Euphorbia also known as Euphorbia tirucali, Pencil tree plant or Pencil cactus, Euphorbia tirucalli perennial evergreen used as ornamental drought tolerant attract pollinators plant or as bonsai, can grow in subtropics, mediterranean, desert or dry tropics climate and growing in hardiness zone 9+.

Euphorbia tirucalli stems

Stems color can be: green, red, orange or yellow, the stems fleshy.

Leaves color can be: green, red, yellow, orange, leaves small and grow in the top of the plant.

Flower color pink, yellow or orange, flowers small 1-2 mm with five petals.

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How to grow Euphorbia tirucalli growing and care:

Frost free, well-drained soil

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed / Vegetative reproduction

Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
No, but for colored cultivars better to start from cutting

Difficulties or problems when growing:

Recommended planting season?
Springm, summer, autumn

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, slugs, snails

Pruning season:
Autumn / Winter

How to prune:
Just for desgin

Size of the plant?
1.5-7 m, 5-21 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing / Slow growing

Water requirement:
Small amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower:
Small flowers with five petals in color pink, yellow or orange

Scientific name:

Euphorbia tirucalli

How to grow Euphorbia tirucalli

Growing Euphorbia tirucalli

Euphorbia tirucalli


Blooming Seasons
  • Spring flowers
Flower colors
  • Orange flower
  • Pink flower
  • Yellow flower
  • Desert Climate
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Tropics Climate
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
  • Slow growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Evergreen
  • Perennial plant
  • Shrub
  • Succulent
  • Tree
Plant Uses
  • Drought tolerant plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
  • Part shade Plants
Watering plants
  • Small amounts of water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 11
  • Hardiness zone 12
  • Hardiness zone 13

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