Euphorbia enopla growing shrub succulent of the genus Euphorbia also known as Pincushion Euphorbia, Euphorbia enopla perennial evergreen plant, used as ornamental plant and grow for the showy spines, its drought tolerant plant, can grow in subtropics, dry tropics, desert, mediterranean climate or as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 10+.
Euphorbia enopla stems
Stem green with red-purple or brown spines each spine can be 3-6cm.
Flower color yellow or purple, the flower grow on stems in the top of the stem.
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Requirements for Euphorbia enopla growing and care:
Prefer more than 10C but can survive frost, well-drained soil
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed – sowing in the spring in sunny location keep soil lightly moist (be aware do not over water), better that the soil will be sandy with good drainage / Vegetative reproduction – start from cutting, when cut the stem need to wait until the cut area will hill, keep the stem in shade and dry location, important the drainage of the soil, do not over water, and let it dry little bit between water but don’t let it fully dry, shade in the beginning it’s important for the stem, after establish need to expose slowly to the sun
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s hard to start from seeds and start from cutting it’s just easier
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Spines, like all euphorbia it’s toxic, sensitive to overwater
Spring to autumn (hardiness zone 10a-10b), All year in hardiness zone 11+
Pests and diseases:
Snails, root rot
All year, but better not to cut if there isn’t need
How to prune:
Dead parts and reduce old parts, when grow only one stem or just few and for design, pruning the top can be few centimeter from the ground than will start to grow new stems.
Size of the plant?
20-60 cm, 8-24 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Slow growing, after the plant become bigger it become little bit faster
Small amount of water, overwater will kill the plant, let it dry between watering, it is drought tolerant but can’t survive long period of drought
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun will bloom well / Half Shade / Full Shade – grow well but might have problems of bloom, that it won’t bloom
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Yes, because it might not bloom as houseplant, if blooming it’s important take it out or put on the window in the spring to summer and in the autumn put it back indoor
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, when grow in containers need well ventilated and sandy soil with good drainage lava grit, can use in cactus mix soil,
Spring, possible in the summer
General information about the flower:
Yellow or purple flowers, the flower grow on stems in the top of the stem