How to grow Ocimum gratissimum

Ocimum gratissimum growing shrub‎ type of basil genus Ocimum also known as Clove basil or African basil, Ocimum gratissimum perennial evergreen or annual plant, grow in tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone: 12+ (perennial), 5-12 (as annual).

Ocimum gratissimum leaves

Leaves color light green big soft with ovate-cordate shape with serrated edge.

Flower color purple, small flowers grow on inflorescence.

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Requirements for Ocimum gratissimum growing and care:

Well drained soil

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary use vegetative reproduction in Ocimum gratissimum?
Not necessary but possible vegetative reproduction

Difficulties or problems when growing:

Recommended planting season?
Spring as annual, spring, summer, autumn as perennial

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, in warm place strong place

Pruning season:
All the season

How to prune:
Prune in the beginning of the bloom

What is the size of a Ocimum gratissimum?
40-60cm, 16-24 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
Small purple flower that grow on inflorescence

Thinning the bloom:
Should thinning the inflorescence when they start to bloom, all the strength of the plant go to the blossom

Pollination is done by:
Bees, butterfly

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Small round brown seeds

Saving seeds until sowing:
Room temperature, dry

Sowing season:

Planting spacing:
15-25 cm

Depth of Sowing:
0.4-0.6 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist, Full sun

Watering requires for Seeds:
Big amount of water

Germination time:
5-17 days

Condition of seedling:
Well drained soil

Do the seeds require burying?

Vegetative Reproduction

How to make Vegetative Reproduction in Ocimum gratissimum?

The best time for vegetative reproduction in Ocimum gratissimum:
Spring, early summer

How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction?
1-2 weeks

What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction in Ocimum gratissimum?
Put in glass of water and change the water every few days

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
All year

How to harvest the leaves?
Recommend to trim the big leaves but not old leaves

Information about leaves:
Green leaves in ovate-cordate shape with serrated edge

Uses of Ocimum gratissimum leaves:

Scientific name:

Ocimum gratissimum

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone