How to grow Basil plant

Basil plant growing plant of the genus Ocimum also known as Basil or Basilicum, Basil plant grow as perennial evergreen or annual, the perennial Basil plant in cold weather the Basil plant become annual, also used as ornamental fragrant plant, can grow shrub‎ or subshrub, can grow in tropic, mediterranean, desert, subtropical or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone: 10b+ (perennial), 5+ (as annual).

Basil leaves

Leaves color can be: light green – dark green, purple, green and purple, green and white, the taste of the leaves can be strong or soft, with different flavor from a little bit sweet, specie, bitter,

Flower color can be: white or purple, small flowers grow on stalk in inflorescence

Some species are attract pollinator

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Requirements for Basil plant growing and care:

Warm weather, in cold weather the perennial Basil plant become annual or some varieties are annual

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary use vegetative reproduction in Basil plant?
Possible to use in vegetative reproduction

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sensitive to cold

Planting season:
Spring as annual, spring, summer, autumn as perennial

Pests and diseases:
Prodenia, Aphids

Pruning season:
End of the autumn

How to prune:
Prune the buds to prevent bloom, weak and dead leaves

What is the size of a Basil plant plants?
0.2-2 m, 0.6-6.5 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun, make the plant bloom faster it’s recommend to reduce sun hours/ Half Shade

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
Small flower that grow on stalk in inflorescence

Thinning the bloom:
Recommend to thinning the blossom it’s better for the leaves, unless it’s for the attract pollinator

Pollination is done by:
Bees and more pollinators


Holy Basil – perennial shrub with leaves ovate with serrate edge, the color of the leaves green but sometime the leaves become purple. Holy Basil aromatic and with strong taste.

Lemon Basil – perianal shrub remind lemon taste the leaves light green soft narrow and thin, in ovate shape the flowers grow Small white flower that grow on inflorescence.

Dark opal Basil – annual shrub. Dark opal Basil is a gentle plants with ovate leaves, the color of the leaves mostly purple but sometime green purple with purple stems. Also used ornamental plant.

Sweet Basil – annual shrub. Sweet Basil is the most popular Basil this Basil originate used for pesto, the leaves are ovate, the color light to dark green leaves.

Cinnamon Basil – annual shrub. Cinnamon Basil with ovate leaves with purple stems, the smell and the taste remind Cinnamon.

Thai Basil – annual shrub. Thai Basil strong Basil, the leaves are ovate, the color light to dark green leaves with purple stems.

Lettuce leaf Basil – shrub. Lettuce leaf Basil is gentle flavor, not strong like the other species. The leaves big soft ovate, the color of the leaf is light green .

Licorice Basil – perianal shrub also Basil plantd Persian Basil or Anise Basil, Licorice Basil with ovate leaves. The smell and the taste remind licorice or Licorice.

Basil Pesto – annual shrub. Basil Pesto is human made Basil specified for making pesto. Basil pesto is gentle plant the leaves are ovate, the leaf color light green with white can be just in the edge or all the leaf.

Greek Basil – growing – annual subshrub. Greek Basil is small leave Basil, the density of the leaves is high, the leaves small ovate, the color light to dark green leaves.

Basil tree – perennial shrub is human made it’s grafted Basil that make it very resistance to insect, bacterial infection and more. Bonsai Basil is strong plant the leaves are ovate, the leaf color green can be just in the edge or all the leaf.

African blue Basil – perianal shrub. The leaves of African blue Basil are green, blue, purple the shape is oval. Also used as ornamental plants and attract pollinators

Lime Basil – annual shrub. The plant called Lime Basil because of its flavor that remind lime, the leaves color light green soft narrow and thin, with ovate shape.

Vegetative Reproduction

How to make Vegetative Reproduction in Basil plant?
Stems, bending a branch over and covering it with soil

The best time for vegetative reproduction in Basil plant:
Spring, Summer but it’s possible to do it indoor all the year

How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction?
2-4 Weeks

What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction in Basil plant?
Stems on water, change every 2-3 days the water until the plants have new roots, bending branch into the soil, sometime need to break the branch

How to start grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Easy to grow from seeds

Saving seeds until sowing:
Room temperature, dry

Sowing season:

Planting spacing:
0.2-1 m depend on the species

Depth of Sowing:
0.5 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist, almost fool sun, warm place

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
1-3 weeks

Condition of seedling:
Soil moist, full sun

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season
Annual Basil plant all the season, perennial Basil plant most of the year in the winter

How to harvest the leaves?
Should prune the stems with the leaves

Information about leaves:
Elliptic or oval shape the edge dentate, smooth, serrated

Uses of Basil plant leaves:
Salad, Used for cooking, Herbs, Used for spreads, Spices

Scientific name:


Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Leaf color

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone