Greek basil grow and care – herbaceous type of basil in genus Ocimum also known as Greek Yevani basil, Greek basil perennial evergreen plant or possible to grow as annual plant used as edible plant for the leaves, used as edible plant also used as ornamental plant possible as bonsai like small dwarf tree, can grow in tropic, mediterranean, subtropical climate or as houseplant and growing as perennial in hardiness zone 10b+ and with the right care overwinter hardiness zone 10a, and as annual in hardiness zone 5-10a, also possible to put indoor in winter.
Greek basil leaves
Leaves color light to dark green, leave small with high density in ovate shape
Flower color white, small flowers grow on inflorescence
How to grow Greek basil growing condition and care instruction:
How to grow: Warm weather, rich soil, mulch on the soil especially in the winter, well-drained soil
How to care: Add more water in hot summer days, fertilizer 2-4 year, put organic matter, prune once a year and consider to prune the bloom stems
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Vegetative Reproduction – cutting (explanation of care bellow) / Seeds (sowing information bellow)
Is it necessary use vegetative reproduction in Greek basil? No, but possible
Difficulties or problems when growing: Nothing special
Recommended planting season? Spring in hardiness zone 5-10 as annual, as perennial spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11 and hardiness zone 12+ all year.
Pests and diseases: Aphids
Pruning season: All the season
How to prune: Prune in the beginning of the bloom, also for design, in order to create like small dwarf tree (like bonsai), need to trim all the little stem and leaves just few main stems.
Size of the plant? 10-20 cm, 4-8 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full sun to half shade, in full sun there is too much flower what that makes the trim of the leaves hard work
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a pot / planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, when grow in container, size 5-12 liter (1.5-3 gallon) amount of water that needed, it’s to keep the soil moist and the water go out of the pot, better not to use bottom of pot, when it’s grow as perianal every two years to switch soil in the pot or just part of it, soil need to be well ventilated with good drainage, rich with organic matter, can us in potting mix or peat soil with perlite or vermiculite.
Bloom season: Summer
General information about the flower Small white flower that grow on inflorescence
Thinning the bloom: Should thinning the inflorescence when they start to bloom, all the strength of the plant go to the blossom
Pollination is done by: Bees and more pollinators
Leaves harvesting season: All year in hardiness zone 11+, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 10, end of the spring to autumn as annual
How to harvest the leaves? Prune the entire branch, take care not to prune too much, except leave few buds and also leaves on the plant
Information about leaves: Small leaves light to dark green, high density in ovate shape
Uses of Greek basil leaves: Pesto, salad, spices, eaten raw
Vegetative Reproduction Method: Stems, cutting, bending a branch over and covering it with soil
Preferred time for vegetative reproduction: Spring. Early summer
Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction: 1-2 weeks
Treatment for vegetative reproduction: When use soil: keep moist, better peat soil and better with root growth hormone also possible to put the stem in glass of water and switch the water every few days, cutting result better in warm season with high humidity, shade with light.
Saving seeds and care until sowing: Dry and dark location
Sowing season: Spring it’s the optimal season but possible spring in hardiness zone 5-10 as annual, as perennial spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11 and hardiness zone 12+ all year.
How to plant: Better to switch the soil with some peat soil and vermiculite
Planting spacing: 20*30cm (8-12 inches) possible also 10*20cm (4-8 inches) but will grow less good
Depth of Sowing: 0.5cm (0.25 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil, sunny location, don’t let it dry
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water to big amount of water