How to grow Tomato plant

Tomato plant grow and care – herbaceous of the genus Solanum also known as Tomato, Tomato plant annual to short perennial evergreen plant, perennial tomatoes suffers or die due to the cold of the winter, in less cold area, there are varieties that can survive the winter, vegetative reproduction can maintain high quality seedlings in the greenhouse to next season, Tomato plant grows as vine, shrub or subshrub, can grow in tropic, subtropical, mediterranean, temperate or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ as perennial 2+ as annual.

Leaves color green, there are two types of leaves: RL (regular leaves) / PL – (potato leaves), Regular leaf: a leaf with serrated edges. Potato leaf: large and wide oval leaves with no serrated edges, there are claims that potato leaf plants more resistant to pests and disease than regular leaves and tomatoes.

Determinate tomato – is a bush tomato is annual. Tomatoes which grow in a restricted form of bush usually require less work of trellising, a cage to trellising them, and more wide space for growth, producing the fruit at the same time.

Indeterminate Tomato plant – is vine climbing and grow to heights, indeterminate growing and producing fruit throughout most of the season and even can be produce in the winter, there isn’t a clear growth form. Require work of trellising

Semi determinate Tomato plant – is a combination of the two previous species, their growth determinate but later. Are vines but a bit less height and more to the width, generally fruits yielding in two stages.

Flower color yellow the flowers grow in clusters

Tomato plant fruits

Fruit shape can be: round shapes of forms and sizes. Cherry tomatoes, Regular round tomatoes, Beefsteak tomatoes, Campari tomatoes, Plum tomatoes, Pear tomatoes, Ox heart tomatoes.

Fruit color can be:: Red tomato – there are the most common and popular, Green tomato, Purple tomato, Yellow tomato, Blue tomato, Pink tomato, White tomato, Colorful tomato that can appear without form, can be striped in different colors and can appear different colored dots.

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How to grow Tomato plant growing and care:

Warm weather, ground full of nutrients, Trellising, for determinate should trellising like cage, if u want to help the tomato survive more time you should cover the base of the plant with ground

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible to use in vegetative reproduction

Difficulties or problems when growing:
If you grow normal tomato cost more to grow then to buy, a lot of pests

Planting season:

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, Frost, leaf miners, slugs

Pruning season:
All the season

How to prune:
Rotten stems and leaves, week stems

Size of the plant?
0.5-3 m 20-120 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Start in 15-80 days

General information about the flower
Little yellow flower

Thinning the bloom:

If thinning happening should check the root, watering and try to hand polinate

Pollination is done by:
Bees and other pollinator, pollinate by hand, some of the species self-pollinator

Edible fruits

Fruit harvest season:
55-160 days from sowing

Fruits pests or diseases:
Slugs, worms, birds

What can be done with big quantities of Tomato plant fruits?
Eat fresh, cooked, sauce, juice and much more

Work requirements on the fruit:
Clean the rotten leaves

How long does it take for a bear fruit?
1-2.5 month from planting

Ripening of fruit:
If there is massive attack on the fruit should pick them before they ready and let them be ripening at home


There are thousands species of tomatoes, Here are listed only a number of cultivars “family”

Normal tomato – tomatoes that sold in the supermarket, round tomato relatively large, often red
Plum tomato – elliptical shape tomato appears in red or yellow
Pear tomato – Pear-shaped tomato usually appears in red and yellow colors
Cherry tomato – small tomatoes, relatively strong and fast growing and appear in yellow, red, purple, blue, white or orange colors
Heart tomato – decorative tomato the most beautiful, fruit color red and perfectly heart shaped, excellent for sauces.
Beafsteak tomato – is considered as largest tomatoes and can reach even to 1 Kg, appears in a round shape to shapeless, exist in all colors except blue.
Oxheart tomato – shape like arrow in the end and round on the top, the size is mostly big
Stuffer tomato –round shape build from 3-5 lobes and hollow inside, tomato appears in red or yellow
Tomato tree – vine that grow 4-7 m with round red tomatoes

Tomatoes by colors

Red tomato appears in all forms. Possible to find red tomatoes with potato leaves.
Pink tomato – appears in Species: Beef steak tomato. Colors: pink, pink with green or orange spots
Green tomato – listed species: Beef steak tomato Ordinary date, tomato. Colora: Green, dark green stripes / light green yellowish-green with a little touch of pink
Blue tomato – listed species: Ordinary tomato Campari tomato. Color: Blue, Black, Red
White tomato – listed species: Beef steak tomato, Colors: white, white with some green or yellow
Purple tomato – listed species: Campari tomato, beef steak tomato plum tomatoes, Colors:  red color with a of black and purple cover, shades of red Bordeaux with extra bright purple variety purple to black or black
Colored Tomato – appear in: Beef steak tomatoes, colored Tomato plant – appears in colorful hybrids and exist in a variety of colors two or more color varieties: green, purple, orange, yellow, red, blue, pink, color, or white
Yellow tomato – appears in species: cherry tomatoes, beef steak tomato, pear tomato Color: yellow, yellow-green, yellow and white.

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Easy to sow, brown-yellowish seeds

Saving seeds until sowing:
Cold and dry place

Sowing season:
end of the winter, start of the spring

Planting spacing:
20-40 cm

Depth of Sowing:
5-10 mm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Full sun, 20-25 C can be more or less but this is the best temperature

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water, the soil should be moist

Germination time:
1-16 days

Condition of seedling:
Full sun, more than 20C, the sprout is very delightful to bug need protection in the beginning

Vegetative Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Cutting, Stems

Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Spring – beginning of the summer

Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
1-2 weeks

Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Warm, Moist, and should put the cuttings in glass of water and change the water every 2 days

Scientific name:

Solanum lycopersicum

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone