How to grow Beefsteak tomato

Beefsteak tomato plant grow and care – herbaceous of the genus Solanum also known as Beaf steak tomato, Beefsteak tomato plant short perennial evergreen or mostly grown as annual plant, can grows as vine or shrub, can grow in tropic, subtropical, mediterranean, temperate or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 11+ as perennial and with the right overwinter care and the right cultivars in hardiness zone 10b and as annual in hardiness zone 2+ as annual, instead of annual plant possible to take indoor overwinter cutting and plant it in the spring after the last frost.

Leaves color green, there are two types of leaves: RL (regular leaves) / PL – (potato leaves), Regular leaf: a leaf with serrated edges. Potato leaf: large and wide oval leaves with no serrated edges.

Flower color yellow in star shape the flowers grow in clusters.

Beefsteak tomato plantes fruits

Fruit color can be: red, green, purple, yellow, pink, white, orange or colorful – can appear without form in the colors, can be striped in different colors and can appear different colored dots, the shape of  the fruit can be: round, elliptic, shapeless.

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How to grow Beefsteak tomato plant growing and care:

Warm weather, rich soil (soil full of nutrients), trellising, for determinate should trellising like cage, mulch to keep the soil moist

How to care:
Put fertilizer with small content of nitrogen (delay bloom), add mulch especially in the summer and winter, and in hardiness zone 10b as perennial the plant suffer or die due to the cold of the winter, better to protect the plants and there are varieties that can survive the winter and will bear some fruits in the winter, vegetative reproduction can maintain high quality of cultivar indoor or greenhouse to next season, trellising and support for the plant (sometimes the fruit are heavy and without support the fruits will touch the soil and will be damaged).

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction – by cutting possible by water or by soil (explanation bellow) or bending a branch over and covering it with soil

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible to use in vegetative reproduction and it’s easy the same as to start by seeds, when start by cutting its ensure the quality of the fruits and from seeds not always can ensure what kind of fruits will be

Difficulties or problems when growing:
A lot of pests for the fruits

Planting season:
Spring after the last frost in hardiness zone 2-10a and better as perennial plant in the spring, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b-11a, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11b, all year in hardiness zone 12+

How to plant:
Dig a bigger hole than the root ball, add to the hole organic matter, dead leaves and humus put back some soil and mix it, after this put the plant cover lightly but strong enough that won’t fall put support for the plant and give it place to trellising on it, consider to prune week branches, water it twice in the first day and every day for two weeks, better to plant them few centimeters (inches) under the soil level in order that if there are problem in the base of the plant easy to cover the base and create new root for the plant and not lose all the fruits

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, mealy bugs, leaf miners, slugs, flea beetles, nematodes, whiteflies, wilt, mosaic virus

Pruning season:
All the season and as perennial after the fruits

How to prune:
Rotten stems and leaves, week stems, blooming season stems without flowers possible to cut and use them for cutting

Size of the plant:
0.5-3 m 20-120 inches (depend the cultivar can be smaller)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing, when the plant grow slowly as annual plant better to add fertilizer and organic matter to increase the growth speed

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun (possible to grow in less than full sun but will bear less fruits

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No, but small plants (need to choose the right cultivars) possible to grow on hedge of window and in this method the plants and the fruits will get enough sun

Growing is also possible in pots, planter, flowerpot or containers:
Yes, when grow in container, size 10-30 liter (2-6 gallon) depend the cultivar, average amount of water that needed, it’s to keep the soil moist and the water go out of the pot, better not to use bottom for the pot, when it’s grow as perennial every two years to switch soil, and prune part of the roots and the plants, soil need to be well ventilated with good drainage, rich with organic matter, can us in potting mix or peat soil with perlite or vermiculite.

Tip when grow in container:
When grow in container better to fill the container with 10% of soil when the roots fill the soil increase the amount of the soil until the container is full

Blooming information

Bloom season?
Start in 15-80 days

General information about the flower:
Little yellow flower in star shape, flowers grow in clusters

Thinning the bloom:
If thinning happening should check the root, watering and try to hand polinate

Pollination is done by:
Bees and other pollinator, pollinate by hand, some of the species self-pollinator

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
55-160 days from sowing

Fruits pests or diseases:
Slugs, worms, birds

What can be done with big quantities of Beefsteak tomato plant fruit?
Eat fresh, cooked, sauce, juice and much more

Work requirements on the fruit:
Clean the rotten leaves

How long does it take to bear fruit?
1-2.5 month from planting

Ripening of fruit:
If there is massive attack on the fruit should pick them before they ready and let them be ripening at home

Cultivar:

Green tomato:
Aunt Ruby’s German Green – light green or dark green with stripes and spots
Green Giant – Dark green sometime with zebra stripes of light green, very big
Grub’s Mystery Green – green with yellow touch
Malachite Box – dark green with yellow shapeless

Orange tomato:
Amana orange – orange with yellow sometime with green spots, very big can be more than one Kg.
Kellog’s Breakfast – orange yellow, big with a lot of flesh

Pink tomato:
Berkeley Tie Dye – pink green orange organized with stripes
Brandy Boy – small pink
German Johnson – pink with little yellow and green
Potato Top – small pink
Pruden’s Purple – pink shapeless
Rebel Yell – pink orange
Stump Of The World – round pink

Purple tomato:
Black from Tula – purple, one of the biggest tomato
Cherokee Purple – black – purple sometimes with green areas
Indian Stripe – small purple, related to Cherokee purple

White tomato:
Greate White – white color sometimes with pink or green spots
White Tomesol – white color from the inside sometimes is yellowish

Yellow tomato:
Ananas Noire – yellow pink orange green, the seeds area green the rind yellow pink orange, the inner area pink orange yellow
Belgium yellow tomato – big sweet yellow
Dr. Wyche’s Yellow – yellow medium size
Gold Medal – yellow pink red the rind yellow in the top the other part is red pink
Red Yellow Kentucky – yellow and little bit reddish
Rumi Banjan – medium size, yellow with hue of orange
Yellow Brandywine – yellow orange

How to grow Beefsteak tomato plant from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Easy to sow, brown-yellowish seeds, full sun, moist soil, high humidity, better 21-26C (70-79F) and possible 10-32C (50-90F)

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dark and dry location and better in the refrigerator if keep the seeds more than one year

Sowing season:
End of the winter indoor, start of the spring will be better, possible all year as perennial depend the temperature

Planting spacing:
20*40 cm (8*16 inches) depend the cultivars, for transplant 2*3cm (1*1 inch)

Depth of Sowing:
5-10 mm (0.25-0.5 inch)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Full sun, better 21-26C (70-79F), moist soil, high humidity

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water, the soil should be moist

Germination time:
5-16 days, might be longer

Condition of seedling:
Full sun, more than 10C (50F), the sprout is very delightful to bug need protection in the beginning

Vegetative Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Cutting, Stems

Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Spring – beginning of the summer

Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
1-2 weeks

Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Warm, Moist, and should put the cuttings in glass of water and change the water every 2 days

Scientific name:

Solanum lycopersicum

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Beefsteak tomato

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