Pineapple plant grow and care – plant of the genus Ananas and also known as Ananas comosus, Pineapple plant perennial evergreen plant also used as ornamental plants grow in tropics, mediterranean, subtropical climate or indoor as houseplant but better in greenhouse and growing in hardiness zone 10b+.
Leaves flat and narrow and concave in some cultivars there is thorns in the edge of the leaves.
Flower color red or purple the flowers small growing in a crown.
Pineapple plant fruits
Fruit is gathering of small multiple fruits, the outside color of the fruit can be yellow sometimes green red or brown, from the inside white or yellow.
How to grow Pineapple plant growing information and care:
Well-drained soil, moist soil, warm climate, better more than 15C (59F) can survive 3C but not recommend
How to care: Fertilizer need to be few times a year and fertilize the plant in spray and in hardiness zone 10b better not to put fertilizers in autumn to winter, better to put fertilizer for full grown plant that induce the fruits
Can a pineapple plant survive the winter: Under 3C (36F) that plant will die, possible to keep the plant alive in light frost but the plant might not survive and won’t grow well also in the summer, possible to put the plant indoor in the winter in temperature.
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Vegetative reproduction – daughter plants (pups) possible by crown
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction? Yes, mostly the seeds are not viable
Difficulties or problems when growing: Outside the zone the plant sometime can grow but to bear fruit rare, slow growing
Planting season: All year, colder climate spring to summer
How long do pineapple plants live: The plant usually live until bear fruits, but there are always pups that grow next to the mother plant
Pests and disease: Mealy bugs
Pruning season: All the season
How to prune: Dead leaves
Size of the plant: 0.5-1.5 m, 20-60 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Slow growing to average speed growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light requirements in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun possible to grow but be aware that might need little bit of shade depend where you grow it, if keep high humidity it will prevent the leaves from sun burn
Half Shade – will be better in location with less humidity and very high temperature in the summer, too much light will burn the leaves and better afternoon shade and mooring sun
Full Shade for plant it’s possible but need to know that without enough light the plants won’t bloom and produce fruits, the plant need a lot of hours of indirect sunlight and possible to grow it for the leaves in those condition better that
The most important thing for the plants it’s to have enough light and better with sun, 75% of sun or filtered sun by humidity, net or window will have the best result on produce fruits, also when grow the plant in hot climate might consider to grow it under a tree and better to use deciduous tree, that create shade in the summer to prevent the sun burn and give enough sun in the winter.
Is it possible to grow as houseplant? Yes, but to bear fruit will need sun for at least few hours a day when the plant mature
How to grow indoors Choose location with a lot light and even with sun, artificial home light won’t be enough, need to be aware that the plant need to be far away from ventilators, heater and air conditions, possible to grow it in the bathroom, be aware to that because of the high humidity need to use less water, fertilizer before the plant will bear fruit might be important,
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, but in order to get fruits after few years need to check that the roots system not fill all the container, if it’s full need to reduce that amount of plants or to increase the size of th, average amount of water that needed, it’s to keep the soil moist and the water go out of the pot (good drainage), every few years better to switch soil in the pot, soil need to be well ventilated with good drainage, rich with organic matter, can us in potting mix or peat soil with perlite or vermiculite.
Bloom season: Spring / Summer
General information about the flower Small flowers growing in a crown, color of the flowers red or purple
Pollination is done by: Hummingbird, better that won’t be pollinate
Fruit harvest season: Summer / Autumn
Fruits pests or diseases: Birds, snails
What can be done with big quantities of Pineapple plant fruits? Eaten raw, juice, ice-cream, cooked, cake
Work requirements on the fruit: Cover with net
How long does it take to bear fruit? 1-2 years
Ripening of fruit Possible to pick before and let it ripening at home
How to make Vegetative Reproduction? Crown cut, basal shoots
The best time for vegetative reproduction: Spring / Summer
How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction? Basal shoots take with the roots, crown cut few 2-7 weeks
What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction? Basal shoots the same treatment as fully grown plant, crown cut: cut the crown 1 cm to the flesh put the head on water change every 2 days after the leftover of the fruit gone can be change one or twice a week