How to grow Cowpea

Cowpea growing vine of the genus Vigna also known as Vigna unguiculata, Cowpea annual plant, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropical, temperate, tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone 2+

Flower color purple, white or yellow in remind butterfly shape

Cowpea flower

Fruit can be eaten as pod when it still green the pods size 5-20 cm, and also can be eaten as dry bean

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How to grow Cowpea growing and care:


What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Aggressive, invasive

Planting season:
Spring to early summer

Pests and diseases:

Pruning season:
All season

How to prune:
No need

Size of the plant?
2-10m, 6-30 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring / Summer / Autumn

General information about the flower
Purple, white or yellow in remind butterfly shape

Pollination is done by:

Edible seeds or pods

Seeds harvest season:
Spring / Summer / Autumn

Seeds pests or diseases:
Slugs, birds

What can be done with big quantities of Cowpea seeds or pods?
Cooked, stir fry

Work requirements on the seeds:
For the dry bean collect the pods in the time or to put something under the plant to collect all the beans

How long does it take to bear seeds?
4-8 weeks

Scientific name:

Vigna unguiculata

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone