How to grow Cowpea

Cowpea grow and care – vine of the genus Vigna also known as Vigna unguiculata, Cowpea annual plant, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropical, temperate, tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone 2+

Flower color purple, white or yellow in remind butterfly shape

Cowpea flower

Fruit can be eaten as pod when it still green the pods size 5-20 cm, and also can be eaten as dry bean

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How to grow Cowpea growing and care:


What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Aggressive, invasive

Planting season:
Spring to early summer

Pests and diseases:

Pruning season:
All season

How to prune:
No need

Size of the plant?
2-10m, 6-30 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring / Summer / Autumn

General information about the flower
Purple, white or yellow in remind butterfly shape

Pollination is done by:

Edible seeds or pods

Seeds harvest season:
Spring / Summer / Autumn

Seeds pests or diseases:
Slugs, birds

What can be done with big quantities of Cowpea seeds or pods?
Cooked, stir fry

Work requirements on the seeds:
For the dry bean collect the pods in the time or to put something under the plant to collect all the beans

How long does it take to bear seeds?
4-8 weeks

Scientific name:

Vigna unguiculata

How to grow Cowpea

Cowpea plant care

Cowpea plant seeds

Harvest Cowpea plant seeds

Cowpea plant pods

Cowpea plant leaves

Cowpea plant


Blooming Seasons
  • Autumn flowers
  • Spring flowers
  • Summer flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible Pod
  • Edible Seeds
Culinary uses
  • Cooked
  • Spreads & Sauces
Flower colors
  • Purple flower
  • White flower
  • Yellow flower
  • Desert Climate
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Tropics Climate
Plant growing speed
  • Fast growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Annual plant
  • Herbaceous
  • Legumes
  • Vine
Plant Uses
  • Edible plants
  • Ground fixing plants
Planting Season
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
Watering plants
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 11
  • Hardiness zone 12
  • Hardiness zone 13
  • Hardiness zone 2
  • Hardiness zone 3
  • Hardiness zone 4
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9