How to grow Tillandsia

Tillandsia growing epiphyte leaf plant of the genus Tillandsia also known as Airplant or Sky plant, Tillandsia perennial evergreen used as ornamental plant, can grow in mediterranean, subtropics, desert climate or as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 10b+, when grow the plants in cold climate better to keep it in the winter not next to the windows.

Tillandsia leaves

Leaves color green, purple, pink, red, gray, yellow or orange, mostly the colors mix with green-gray, and in some species change next to the bloom area to light colors, the leaves can be like hair (Spanish moss), linear and some can be with like bulb in the bottom, leaves absorb moisture from the rain or humidity.

Bracts color yellow, pink, orange, green, red or more than one color (not all the spices have bracts).

Flower color purple, yellow or white in roll shape or with 3 petals and small some, one stigma and three stamens, each plant bloom once in life, it takes few years to bloom.

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Requirements for Tillandsia growing and care:

Hang on, or sit on location, watering by spray or washing, more than 10C, watering depend on the weather in the summer once a week, in hot location need twice and also depend on the location, humidity, indoor or outdoor, in winter need once a week or every two weeks, in mild winter or not at all in wet winters, more than 3C, soft water (rain water or clean), fertilizer need to be few times a year and fertilize the plant in spray

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed (it’s not easy to start from seeds / Vegetative reproduction (daughter plants)

Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
Yes in order to get the same cultivars and it’s hard to start from seeds

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sensitive to hard water

Planting season:
All year, if planted outside better to plant it in the spring to summer

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, fungal, slugs, snails,

Pruning season:
All year

How to prune:
Dead and infected leaves

Size of the plant?
5-15cm, 2-6 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Slow growing

Water requirement:
Small amount of water, spray on the plant or wash the plant, after put water need to put the plant in in a place that it can dry

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Half Shade / Full Shade

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes but not to bury it in the sand, except Tillandsia cyanea

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Most of the year, flowers bloom only when the plant is full grown it takes few years, after blooming the plant will die

General information about the flower:
Purple, yellow or white in roll shape or with 3 petals and small some, one stigma and three stamens, each plant bloom once in life, it takes few years to bloom.

Scientific name:


Blooming Seasons

Flower Colors


Leaf color

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone