Syzygium paniculatum grow and care – tree of the genus Syzygium also known as Eugenia Topiary globulus or Magenta lilly pilly, Syzygium paniculatum tree perennial evergreen plant, grown for the edible fruits, but mostlyused as ornamental plant as shade tree, hedge plant or as bonsai and can be Topiary globulus shape, can grow in tropic mediterranean, subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+.
Syzygium paniculatum leaves, flowers and edible fruits
Leaves are shiny in elliptic shape and when the leaf is young it grow in red color.
Flower color white with multiple stamens like needle, the flowers grow in clusters.
Fruit edible color is magenta, pink or purple, fruit taste is sour to tasteless with astringent.
Syzygium paniculatum for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
How to grow Syzygium paniculatum growing and care:
Better frost free, when the tree is young have to be frost free or cover it, rich soil, organic matter
How to care: Fertilize once a year, prune infected branches and better to prune one a year, add organic matter, when the soil dry better to add mulch
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed (propagate by seeds explanation bellow)/ Cutting / Air layering
How to propagate by cutting: Propagating in temperature 27-32C (80-90F), high humidity (better like a fog), moist soil, half shade, better to take branches that didn’t grow yet in the spring when before arrive to the right temperature, because in those temperatures 27-32C (80-90F) it will start to grow and them harder to find good branches to use, better to use greenhouse
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed (explanation bellow) / Cutting
How to propagate by cutting: Propagating by cutting better to star in the early spring or with temperature of ~26C, requirements: moist soil, high humidity, peat soil, hormone for root growth, highly recommend to use green house (or small plastic box with holes).
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but if the fruits: dry, small, without a lot of flesh consider to graft, easy to start by seeds and need fresh seeds
Difficulties or problems when growing: Seeds grow too easily and can be reseed in the garden
Planting season: Spring, summer, autumn
How to plant: Dig a hole as deep as the current root ball plus extra 30-50%, put in the hole organic matter, hummus and dried leaves and mix it with some soil, put the tree and loos little bit the root ball above the hole, plant the tree, cover it and don’t push the soil too much strong but not too much lightly because it won’t be stable, after this put mulch and dead leaves on the soil to keep moist on soil, put water every day for the next two weeks (better in the morning) , better to take care that the tree will be stable, and if not support it with bamboo or a stick that it won’t fall.
Pests and diseases: Aphids, ants, mealy bugs
Pruning season: Autumn to winter or directly after the fruits
How to prune: For design, for easier fruit pickup, when the tree full of aphids better to cut the leaves and collect all the infected leaves and put them far away
Size of the plant: Tree 7-15 m (21-45 feet), can be design as “shrub” 1-3m (3-10 feet)
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing (grow fast in hot climate or enough fertilizers) / Medium growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water to big amount of water (the tree like water but it’s not must and will grow slowly with less amount of water), the amount of water depend on the soil in soil with less
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade (won’t bloom well)
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, choose the desirable size of pot be aware that too much big pot for the root ball it’s mistake, drainage it’s important and need to make holes and to use peat soil and maybe some lava grit in the bottom or something like that, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day, if the water stay it mean too much water, reduce, choose soil possible to have potting mix or peat soil and perlite or vermiculite, add organic material and humus, also when growing in pot better to put fertilizer 3-4 times a year.
Bloom season: Spring (possible in late winter)
General information about the flower White flowers with multiple stamens like needle, the flowers grow in clusters,
Pollination is done by: Bees
Fruit harvest season: Summer (possible in the spring)
Fruits pests or diseases: Birds, fruit fly
What can be done with big quantities of Syzygium paniculatum fruits? Eat raw
Work requirements on the fruit: Nothing special
How long does it take to bear fruit? 2-4 years
Ripening of fruit: Require to eat it fully ripen cause the fruit astringent
How to grow Syzygium paniculatum from seeds
Sowing requirement: Fresh seeds because the seeds lose their viability overtime, rich soil, sunny location,
Saving seeds until sowing: Room temperature, dark and dry location
Sowing season: Possible from spring to autumn but will be the best in spring to early summer in tropical climate possible also in the winter
How to plant seeds: Sow in soil that keep the moist, sunny location, keep water that the soil will be wet but do not overwater until the seeds germinate
Planting spacing: Better plant each one in different pot because it’s easy to take care and then choose the best to transplant in the right location
Depth of Sowing: 2cm (1inche) from the top of the seeds
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil and full sun, peat soil and perlite or other light soil, sunny location
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water – keep the soil moist don’t let the soil dry, maybe put mulch to help to keep the moist of the soil
Germination time: 2 weeks to 1 month
Condition of seedling: Seedling needs mulch and support of fertilizer with nitrogen in order to grow faster (not when the tree too much young)
Alternative names Eugenia paniculata, magenta lilly pilly or magenta cherry, Eugenia paniculata globulus, australian brush cherry, eugenia myrtifolia, Eugenia Topiary, Magenta lilly pilly, syzygium globulus, eugenia cone plant, brush cherry