How to grow Syzygium cumini

Syzygium cumini tree grow and care – tree of the genus Syzygium also known as Java Plum, Jambolan or Jamun, Syzygium cumini plant perennial evergreen plant, grown for the edible fruits that can also use for medical uses also used as ornamental plant for shade tree, dwarf or as bonsai for the beauty of the tree and flowers fragrant, can grow in tropic, mediterranean, subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 9+

Leaves are shiny and when the leaf is young it grow in red color

Flower fragrant grow color white with multiple stamen like needle, the flowers grow in clusters,

Syzygium cumini fruits

Fruit color is purple-black, the fruit taste sweet with astringent

Syzygium cumini for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy

How to grow Syzygium cumini growing and care:

Better frost free, when the tree is young have to be frost free or cover it, rich soil, organic matter

How to care:
Fertilize once a year, prune infected branches and better to prune one a year, add organic matter, when the soil dry better to add mulch

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed (propagate by seeds explanation bellow)/ Cutting / Air layering

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but if the fruits: dry, small, without a lot of flesh consider to graft, easy to start by seeds and need fresh seeds

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Seeds grow too easily and can be reseed in the garden

Planting season:
Spring, summer, autumn

How to plant:
Dig a hole as deep as the current root ball plus extra 30-50%, put in the hole organic matter, hummus and dried leaves and mix it with some soil, put the tree and loos little bit the root ball above the hole, plant the tree, cover it and don’t push the soil too much strong but not too much lightly because it won’t be stable, after this put mulch and dead leaves on the soil to keep moist on soil, put water every day for the next two weeks (better in the morning) , better to take care that the tree will be stable, and if not support it with bamboo or a stick that it won’t fall.

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants, mealy bugs

Pruning season:
Autumn to winter or directly after the fruits

How to prune:
For design, for easier fruit pickup, when the tree full of aphids better to cut the leaves and collect all the infected leaves and put them far away

Size of the plant:
7-20 m, 21-60 feet, possible to grow as dwarf 2-4m (6-12 feet)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
No

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes

How to grow Jamun tree in a pots:
When grow in pot need to keep the plants small, start with pot that will be 20-50% more than the root ball, bigger the plant smaller the percentage, every time that the tree arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger until arrives to desirable size, better to use this method because the soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient of care for the tree, when the plant big need to switch part of the soil in the pot easier to take of the sides, drainage it’s important and need to make holes and to use peat soil and maybe some lava grit in the bottom or something like that, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day, if the water stay it mean too much water, reduce, also when growing in pot need to put fertilizer 3-4 times a year, organic material and humus.

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring

General information about the flower
Fragrant flower, color white with multiple stamen like needle, the flowers grow in clusters,

Pollination is done by:
Bees

Edible fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Spring / early summer

Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, fruit fly

What can be done with big quantities of Syzygium cumini fruits?
Eat raw,

Work requirements on the fruit:
Nothing special

How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-4 years

Ripening of fruit
Require to eat it fully ripen cause the fruit astringent

How to grow Syzygium cumini from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Fresh seeds the seeds lose their viability, rich soil, sunny location,

Saving seeds until sowing:
Room temperature, dark and dry location

Sowing season:
Possible from spring to autumn but will be the best in spring to early summer and in hardiness zone 10a after the last frost, in tropical climate possible also in the winter

Planting spacing:
Better plant each one in different pot because it’s easy to take care and then choose the best to transplant in the right location

Depth of Sowing:
2cm (1inche) from the top of the seeds

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil and full sun, peat soil and perlite or other light soil

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water – keep the soil moist don’t let the soil dry, maybe put mulch to help to keep the moist of the soil

Germination time:
2 weeks to 1 month

Condition of seedling:
Seedling needs support of fertilizer with nitrogen in order to grow faster, weed free area and they will grow faster also sunny location and warm weather

Scientific name:

Syzygium cumini

Alternative names: Syzygium cuminii, Java Plum, Malabar plum, Black plum

Java Plum, Jambolan or Jamun tree, syzgium cumini, syzigium cumini, jambul tree, eugenia cumini

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