How to grow Syzygium cumini

Syzygium cumini growing tree of the genus Syzygium also known as Java Plum, Jambolan or Jamun, Syzygium cumini perennial evergreen plant, grown for the edible fruits that can also use for medical uses also used as ornamental plant for shade tree or as bonsai for the beauty of the tree and flowers fragrant, can grow in tropic, mediterranean, subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 9+

Leaves are shiny and when the leaf is young it grow in red color

Flower fragrant grow color white with multiple stamen like needle, the flowers grow in clusters,

Syzygium cumini fruits

Fruit color is purple-black, the fruit taste sweet with astringent

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How to grow Syzygium cumini growing and care:

More than -2 C but better frost free, when the tree is young have to be frost free, organic matter, humus and fertilizer especially when it’s young

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed / Cutting or Air layering

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but sometimes the taste really astringent and need to graft it

Difficulties or problems when growing:
The seeds grow too easily and can be invasive in the garden

Planting season:
Spring in hardiness zone 9, spring to summer hardiness zone 10a, spring to autumn hardiness zone 10b, all year hardiness zone 11+

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants

Pruning season:

How to prune:
For design to easier pick

Size of the plant?
7-20 m, 21-60 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

How to grow Jamun tree in a pot:
When grow in pot need to keep the plants small, start with pot that will be 20-50% more than the root ball, bigger the plant smaller the percentage, every time that the tree arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger until arrives to desirable size, better to use this method because the soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient of care for the tree, when the plant big need to switch part of the soil in the pot easier to take of the sides, drainage it’s important and need to make holes and to use peat soil and maybe some lava grit in the bottom or something like that, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day, if the water stay it mean too much water, reduce, also when growing in pot need to put fertilizer 3-4 times a year, organic material and humus.

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
Fragrant flower, color white with multiple stamen like needle, the flowers grow in clusters,

Pollination is done by:

Edible fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Spring / early summer

Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, fruit fly

What can be done with big quantities of Syzygium cumini fruits?
Eat raw,

Work requirements on the fruit:
Nothing special

How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-4 years

Ripening of fruit
Require to eat it fully ripen cause the fruit astringent

How to grow Syzygium cumini from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Fresh seeds the seeds lose their viability, rich soil, sunny location,

Saving seeds until sowing:
Room temperature, dark and dry location

Sowing season:
Possible from spring to autumn but will be the best in spring to early summer and in hardiness zone 10a after the last frost, in tropical climate possible also in the winter

Planting spacing:
Better plant each one in different pot because it’s easy to take care and then choose the best to transplant in the right location

Depth of Sowing:
2cm (1inche) from the top of the seeds

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil and full sun, peat soil and perlite or other light soil

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water – keep the soil moist don’t let the soil dry, maybe put mulch to help to keep the moist of the soil

Germination time:
2 weeks to 1 month

Condition of seedling:
Seedling needs support of fertilizer with nitrogen in order to grow faster, weed free area and they will grow faster also sunny location and warm weather

Scientific name:

Syzygium cumini

Alternative names: Syzygium cuminii, Java Plum, Malabar plum, Black plum


Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Leaf color

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone