Sweet potato plant grow and care – geophyte herbaceous vine of the genus Ipomoea also known as Ipomoea batatas, Sweet potato plant perennial evergreen or annual plant, grow for the edible leaves and tuber, used as ornamental plant for the leaves that can be colored can be hedge plant or as groundcover plant, can grow in tropics, mediterranean, desert, subtropics, temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 10+ as perennial 6+ as annual (possible to keep indoor cutting or tubers over the winter.
Sweet potato plant flowers and edible leaves, tuber
Leaves edible the color can be: green, purple, yellow, white or more than one colored in lobed like hand shape.
Flower color purple in trumpet shape.
Tuber edible the peel is brown, the inner color is orange, purple, yellow or white.
Sweet potato plant for sale – Seeds, Tuber or Plants to Buy
How to care: Fertilize in the spring, put mulch especially when the plant is young, possible to keep the plant indoor overwinter and take it out in the spring after the last frost
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative reproduction cutting or bending a branch over and covering it with soil
How to propagate cutting? Cutting temperature 25-30C (77-86F), high humidity, possible by water and switch the water every few days or to put in soil – moist soil, better in spring to summer and possible to use in root growth hormone.
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? Yes, better start by tuber or cutting than seeds with can’t ensure the quality of the tuber like: color, taste, fibrous, size or the speed of the growth (important when grown as annual), also the color of the leaves can be diffrent
Difficulties or problems when growing: Require big area for tuber, aggressive
Planting season: Spring as annual or as perennial in hardiness zone 10a, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11, all year in hardiness zone 12+
How to plant: Dig hole bigger 50% more than the roots ball, add to the hole, organic matter, dead leaves and humus put back some soil and mix it, after this put the plant cover lightly but strong enough that won’t fall put support for the plant and give it place to trellising on it, consider to prune week branches, water it twice in the first day and every day for two weeks.
Pests and diseases: Weevil, moth, whitefly, aphids
Pruning season: All year, better after blooming season or in the early winter or after harvesting, for annual plants no need to prune
How to prune: Just for design
Size of the plant: 1-5 m, 3-15 feet, but can grow 10cm (4 inches) above the soil when grow as groundcover plants
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a pots, planter, flowerpot or containers: Yes, when grow in container, size 10-30 liter (2.5-8 gallon) but bigger it’s better, average amount of water that needed, it’s to keep the soil moist and the water go out of the pot, better not to use bottom for the pot, when it’s grow as perennial every two years to switch soil, and prune part of the roots and the plants, soil need to be well ventilated with good drainage, rich with organic matter, can us in potting mix or peat soil with perlite or vermiculite.
Tip for growing in container and get big amount of tubers: When growing in container better to start from cutting, in the container to fill 10% of soil, in 25L (5 gallons) container put 2-4 cuttings, the moment the cutting start to establish, put the stems on the soil and cover with soil and keep the soil moist, after the plant will grow roots possible to cover a little more, when growing as annual need to fill it in five month all the pot when growing as annual, when grow as perennial can take the time and not hurry and make more tuber on the same location also use potting mix and add organic matter and fertilizer
Bloom season: Autumn (mostly in the autumn) and in cold climate might not bloom because the / Winter to early spring
General information about the flower Purple flower in trumpet shape bloom in short day (but not when it cold)
Pollination is done by: Bees
Leaves harvesting season: All year, but in hardiness zone 6-10 from autumn to spring
How to harvest the leaves? Better to trim when pull the tuber, but prune it without the stems will let the tuber option to continue
Information about leaves: Green in lobed like hand shape
Uses of Sweet potato plant leaves: Salad, stir fry, cooked
Information about the tuber: Brown peel, the inner color of the tuber is orange, yellow, purple or white
Tuber harvest season: Autumn in hardiness zone 6-10a, autumn to winter in hardiness zone 10b, in hardiness zone 10b better to harvest when the plant in dormant or reduce the amount but possible all the year and hotter climate possible all the year
When to pull up tuber: possible 7 month after planting, but better to harvest only when the tubers are ready and this can be after half year, when waited too much the tuber will be more fibrous
Uses of Sweet potato plant tuber: Cooked and more
How to grow Sweet potato plant from seeds
Sowing requirement: temperature 22-30C (72-86F) moist soil, humidity
Saving and care seeds until sowing: Dark and dry place
Sowing season: Spring as annual and perennial and in hardiness zone 10a as perennial, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11b-12a, all year in hardniess zone 12b+, planting in summer possible but not in the hot days of the summer
How to plant: Better to plant in peat soil with vermiculite even if planting directly just dig a bigger hole and put vermiculite around the seeds
Planting spacing: 30*40 cm (12*16 inches) and to transplant 4*4cm (1.8*1.8 inch)
Depth of Sowing: 1cm (0.5 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: High humidity, moist soil (better sunny location)
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Germination time: 2-7 weeks
Condition of seedling: Water regularly and don’t let it dry