Ipomoea lobata grow and care herbaceous vine of the genus Ipomoea also known as Fire cracker vine, Spanish flag or Mina lobata, Ipomoea lobata perennial evergreen or annual plant and used as ornamental plant can be hedge plant or as groundcover plant,, can grow in tropics, mediterranean, desert, subtropics, temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ as perennial 6+ as annual and can grow with the right overwinter care in hardiness zone 10a.
How to care: Fertilize in the spring, put mulch especially when the plant is young, possible to keep the plant indoor overwinter and take it out in the spring after the last frost
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative reproduction cutting or bending a branch over and covering it with soil
How to propagate cutting? Cutting temperature 25-30C (77-86F), high humidity, possible by water and switch the water every few days or to put in soil – moist soil, better in spring to summer and possible to use in root growth hormone.
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but easier to start by cutting than seeds although start from seeds it’s easy
Difficulties or problems when growing: Aggressive, invasive
Planting season: Spring as annual or as perennial in hardiness zone 10a, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11, all year in hardiness zone 12+
How to plant: Dig hole bigger 50% more than the roots ball, add to the hole, organic matter, dead leaves and humus put back some soil and mix it, after this put the plant cover lightly but strong enough that won’t fall put support for the plant and give it place to trellising on it, consider to prune week branches, water it twice in the first day and every day for two weeks.
Pests and diseases: Weevil, moth, whitefly, aphids
Pruning season: All year, better after blooming season or in the early winter, for annual plants no need to prune
How to prune: For design and defining borders, dead parts
Size of the plant: 3-7 m, 10-21 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a pot / planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, planting in containers need to be at least 20L (5 gallons), well-drained soil, the plant not react well to overwater, need to make enough holes in the container for good drainage also choosing soil for container important and need to be soil well ventilated, can be potting mix or peat soil with perlite, when use bottom for the pot need that it will dry in the same day.
Bloom season: Spring / Summer / Autumn
General information about the flower Red, orange, yellow flowers in cone shape (like little peppers)
How to grow Ipomoea lobata from seeds
Sowing requirement: Not require special condition, also possible just to threw some seeds and it will grow, better in moist soil
Saving seeds and care until sowing: Cool and dry location
Sowing season: End of the winter (after the last frost, start of the spring) in hardiness zone 11+ possible all the year.
How to plant: Plant in well ventilate soil, better to choose vermiculate with peat soil
Planting spacing: 30*40cm (12-16 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 1-2cm (0.5-1 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Full sun, 25-29C (77-84F), moist soil
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water, the soil should be moist and don’t let the seeds dry
Germination time: 2-4 weeks
Condition of seedling: Full sun, more than 20C, the sprout is very delightful to bug need protection in the beginning