How to grow Shallot

Shallot grow and care – herbaceous of the genus Allium also known as Bulb Shallot, Shallot is a perennial plant because the vegetative reproduction of the bulbs, the bulb is biennial and grown as annual plant, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropical or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 3-10.

Leaves are narrow and hollow grow in radial growth, leaves grow in groups linked together

Flowers small the color is white the flower grow on hollow stem as inflorescence in a umbel shape

Shallot bulbs

Bulb is spicy and made from layers that grow in radial round to oval shape the layers color purple

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How to grow Shallot growing and care:

Mulch, rich soil, well drain soil, free of rocks, nitrogen

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed / Bulb

Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
No, but possible

Difficulties or problems when growing:

Planting season:
Spring, summer / Autumn depend on the cultivars

Pests and diseases:
Onion fly, Onion thrips

Pruning season:
All season

How to prune:
Stem of inflorescence

Size of the plant?
Bulb 1-10 cm (0.3-4 inches), leaves 10-50 cm (4-20 inches)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
White flowers grow in inflorescence on hollow stem

Thinning the bloom:
Recommend to thinning the stem unless you want the seeds

Pollination is done by:

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
All year

How to harvest the leaves?
Two possibility separate leaves or all the leaves of the plant (better all together with the bulb)

Information about leaves:
Leaves are narrow and hollow grow in radial growth, leaves grow in groups linked together

Uses of Shallot leaves:
Eaten raw, cooked, spice, herbs

Edible Roots

Information about the bulb:
The bulb is made from layers that grow in radial round to oval shape the layers color purple

When to pull up bulb:
Summer / Autumn

Uses of bulb:
Eaten raw, cooked, spice, salad

Vegetative Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction Method:

Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
All year

Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
If the bulb is fully grow, in the beginning of the season it grows the roots

Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
The same as fully grown plants, sometimes more water

Scientific name:

Allium cepa var. aggregatum

How to grow Shallot

Growing Shallot


Blooming Seasons
  • Spring flowers
  • Summer flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible leaves
  • Edible Roots
Culinary uses
  • Cooked
  • Eaten raw
  • Herbs
  • Salad
  • Spices
Flower colors
  • White flower
  • Desert Climate
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Spring Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
  • Winter harvest
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
  • Fast growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Deciduous
  • Evergreen
  • Geophyte
  • Herbaceous
  • Leaf plant
  • Perennial plant
Plant Uses
  • Edible plants
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
  • Part shade Plants
Watering plants
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 3
  • Hardiness zone 4
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9