Salvia officinalis grow and care – shrub of the genus Salvia also known as Sage or Common sage, Salvia officinalis perennial evergreen plant that grow for edible leaves but also for medical, fragrant and as ornamental plant for the colored leaves, can grow in mediterranean, subtropical or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 5-11 and with the right overwinter care in hardiness zone 4b.
Salvia officinalis edible leaves
Leaves edible green and some cultivars green with gray, yellow, white or purple, hairy and in oval shape, there are to different growth of leaves winter and summer, the winter leaves smaller and thick.
Flower small purple-white that grow on stalk in inflorescence.
Salvia officinalis for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
How to grow Salvia officinalis – growing and care:
How to care: Put mulch especially when grow in full sun and possible to reduce the amount of water, but if there are a lot of rains better to let the soil dry the plants suffer if will be too much moist soil
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed (care instruction bellow) / Vegetative reproduction- possible by bending a branch over and covering it with soil, or by cutting, the cutting possible to put in water and switch the water every few days or put the stem in soil better peat soil and better with root growth hormone, in both cutting methods better to do it in spring or autumn but possible to put in temperatures 20-25C (69-77F)
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction? No, but easier to grow
Difficulties or problems when growing: Sensitive to moist, and water on the leaves
Planting season? Spring, summer / in warm climate also autumn, winter
Pests and diseases: Leafhoppers, aphids
Pruning season: Winter
How to prune: Dead leaves and stems, when grow it for edible reasons better to prune the bloom stems in order to get better quality of leaves
Size of the plant: 0.3-1 m, 1-3 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing
Water requirement: Small amount of water / Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun (in cold climate or need to increase the amount of water) / Half Shade / Full shade (in warm climate with light)
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes, but require light and might not bloom
Growing is also possible in a pot planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, when grow in container, size 10-20L (2.6-5.2 gallons), require small to average amount of water with well-drained soil and the water go out of the pot, better not to use bottom of pot, every few years to switch soil can be all or just part of the soil, soil need to be well ventilated and make enough hole in the containers with good drainage, can us in potting mix or peat soil with perlite or vermiculite.
Bloom season: Spring – summer and in hardiness zone of 10b-11 can bloom also in the autumn
General information about the flower Small purple flower that grow on stalk in inflorescence
Pollination is done by: Bees, flies
Leaves harvesting season: Spring to summer in hardiness zone 4-7, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 8-10a, all year in hardiness zone 10b-11
How to harvest the leaves? Better to cut the stems the after the plant established
Information about leaves: Hairy green some cultivars green with gray, purple, yellow or white, in oval shape, there are to different growth of leaves winter and summer, the winter leaves smaller and thick.
Uses of Salvia officinalis leaves: Herbs, spices, beverage
How to grow Salvia officinalis from seeds
Sowing requirement: Better to sow it in temperature of 15-25C (59-77F) possible in 10-29C (50-84F) but will take more time to germinate and less seeds will germinate
Saving and care seeds until sowing: Dry and dark location better in root temperature or refrigerator
Sowing season: Spring to summer in hardiness zone lower that 10a (include) spring, autumn to winter in hardiness zone 10b+ spring, autumn or winter, and better not to sow it in hot summer days
How to plant: Plant in sunny location until 25C (77F) above in half shade
Planting spacing: 30*40cm (12*16 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 3-6mm (0.2-0.4 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil, humidity, sunny location
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water, don’t let the soil dry and keep the soil moist
Germination time: 2-3 weeks in optimal condition but can take 5 weeks
Condition of seedling: Moist soil, sunny location but if it’s in the summer need to increase the amount of water