Gasteria grow and care – leaf plant succulent of the genus Gasteria, Gasteria perennial evergreen used as ornamental drought tolerant plant, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropics climate or as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 10-12, in hardiness zone 10a in heavy frost need to take care of the plant in the winter.
Leaves color green or variegated green with purple, red or yellow, leaves can with white, green, red spots or stripes, leaves can be with bumps in tongue shape.
Flower color red with yellow or green in bell shape flowers grow on stems in clusters.
Well drained soil, can survive frost but better without
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed / Vegetative reproduction
How to propagate: Propagation by cutting leaves or stem, for propagate by stem and leaves do in the same way, cut the leaf in the base better with hand not anything sharp and wait at least 24 hours, if it’s not cut in the base, cut by sharp object or it is stem need wait few days until the tissue will hill, after this put it in well-drained soil, and water it every few days let in dry but not fully dry, after few weeks to month it start to grow root, propagation season – better to start in the late spring to early summer but always can do it indoor (depend the temperature in the house) or possible to propagate by daughter plants.
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but easier to start by daughter plants
Difficulties or problems when growing: ?
Planting season: Spring to summer in hardiness zone 10a, spring to autumn 10a-11a, all year hardiness zone 11-12.
Pests and diseases: Slugs, snails
Pruning season: All year
How to prune: Old leaves, and for design dead leaves and bloom stem, infected leaves if it’s not possible to clean better to cut them out that won’t infected all the plant
Size of the plant: 5-9 cm, 2-4 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Slow growing
Water requirement: Small amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Shade, possible also in half shade, better to give the plant 2 hours of sun, too much sun will burn the leaves
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, when growing in containers need to choose container that 30% to 50% bigger than the roots ball or possible to grow it in small but cut the roots when planting, also the drainage of the soil it’s important, but after few years drainage of the soil not function the same so need to change it to new soil, possible to use potting mix or cactus potting mix, better to put little stone little rocks like: gravel, lava rocks or pebbles it will take care of the drainage.
Bloom season: Spring / Summer
General information about the flower Red flowers with yellow or green in the bottom in bell shape flowers grow on stems in clusters