Eggplant plant growing shrub of the genus Solanum also known as Guinea squash, Eggplant plant is annual to perennial, perennial Eggplant plant suffers or die due to the cold of the winter, in regions where a little less cold, also vegetative reproduction can maintain high-quality seedlings in the greenhouse to next season, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropical, temperate or tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone 11+ as perennial with the right care in hardiness zone 10b, and grow as annual in hardiness zone 2+.
Flower color purple or pink with yellow stamens,
Eggplant plant vegetables
Fruits picked up when it’s unripe before it’s fully grown the rind is purple, white or yellow sometimes stripes, and the shape can be oval, round. Inside the fruit is white or light green.
Eggplant plant for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
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How to grow Eggplant plant growing and care:
Warm weather, ground full of nutrients, full sun,
How to take care
trellising and support for the plant (sometimes the fruit are heavy and without support the fruits will touch the soil and will be damaged)
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction –
Reproduction by Vegetative Reproduction:
Possible by bending a branch over and covering it with soil, or by cutting, the cutting possible to put in water and switch the water every few days or put the stem in soil better peat soil and better with root growth hormone, in both cutting methods better to do it in warm season, with high humidity.
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible to use in vegetative reproduction
Difficulties or problems when growing:
to grow something that can be bought in the market will be more
Spring as annual in hardiness zone 2-10b, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn hardiness zone 11, all year in hardiness zone 12+
Pests and diseases:
Aphids, leaf miners, slugs
End on the winter beginning of the spring, in cold area in spring
How to prune:
Dead branches and for design, better to open the plant that it will get full sun in order to get good fruits
Size of the plant?
50-100 cm, 20-40 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing – fast growing
Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun, possible little bit les but need a lot of sun
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, when grow in container, size 10-30 liter (2.5-8 gallon) depend the cultivar, average amount of water that needed, it’s to keep the soil moist and the water go out of the pot, better not to use bottom for the pot, when it’s grow as perennial every two years to switch soil, and prune part of the roots and the plants, soil need to be well ventilated with good drainage, rich with organic matter, can us in potting mix or peat soil with perlite or vermiculite.
Spring, summer, autumn and winter, start 30-50 days from planting
General information about the flower:
Little purple pink flowers with yellow stamens, 3-5 growing flower blossoms
Thinning the bloom:
If thinning happening should check the root, watering and try to hand pollinate
Pollination is done by:
Fruit harvest season:
Starting 60-120 days from sowing, summer, autumn (in cold areas) in hot area almost all year
Fruits pests or diseases:
Slugs, worms, birds
What can be done with big quantities of Eggplant plant fruits?
Eat fresh, cooked, sauce, juice and much more
Work requirements on the fruit:
Trellising (sometime the fruit heavy for the plant)
How long does it take to bear fruit?
1-2.5 month from planting
Ripening of fruit:
Picked up when it’s unripe before it’s fully grown
Grow from seeds
Not require special condition, also possible just to threw some seeds and it will grow
Saving seeds until sowing:
Cool and dry location
End of the winter (after the last frost, start of the spring) in hardiness zone 11+ possible all the year.
Depth of Sowing:
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Full sun, 20-25 C can be more or less but this is the best temperature
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water, the soil should be moist
Condition of seedling:
Full sun, more than 20C, the sprout is very delightful to bug need protection in the beginning
Do the seeds require burying?
How to make Vegetative Reproduction in Eggplant plant?
The best time for vegetative reproduction in Eggplant plant:
Spring – beginning of the summer
How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction?
What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction in Eggplant plant?
Warm, Moist, and should put the cuttings in glass of water and change the water every 2 days