How to grow Eggplant plant

Eggplant plant growing shrub of the genus Solanum also known as Guinea squash, Eggplant plant is annual to perennial, perennial Eggplant plant suffers or die due to the cold of the winter, in regions where a little less cold, also vegetative reproduction can maintain high-quality seedlings in the greenhouse to next season, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropical, temperate or tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone 11+ as perennial with the right care in hardiness zone 10b, and grow as annual in hardiness zone 2+.

Flower color purple or pink with yellow stamens,

Eggplant plant vegetables

Fruits picked up when it’s unripe before it’s fully grown the rind is purple, white or yellow sometimes stripes, and the shape can be oval, round. Inside the fruit is white or light green.

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How to grow Eggplant plant growing and care:

Warm weather, ground full of nutrients, full sun,

How to take care
trellising and support for the plant (sometimes the fruit are heavy and without support the fruits will touch the soil and will be damaged)

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction –

Reproduction by Vegetative Reproduction:
Possible by bending a branch over and covering it with soil, or by cutting, the cutting possible to put in water and switch the water every few days or put the stem in soil better peat soil and better with root growth hormone, in both cutting methods better to do it in warm season, with high humidity.

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible to use in vegetative reproduction

Difficulties or problems when growing:
to grow something that can be bought in the market will be more

Planting season:
Spring as annual in hardiness zone 2-10b, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn hardiness zone 11, all year in hardiness zone 12+

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, leaf miners, slugs

Pruning season:
End on the winter beginning of the spring, in cold area in spring

How to prune:
Dead branches and for design, better to open the plant that it will get full sun in order to get good fruits

Size of the plant?
50-100 cm, 20-40 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing – fast growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun, possible little bit les but need a lot of sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, when grow in container, size 10-30 liter (2.5-8 gallon) depend the cultivar, average amount of water that needed, it’s to keep the soil moist and the water go out of the pot, better not to use bottom for the pot, when it’s grow as perennial every two years to switch soil, and prune part of the roots and the plants, soil need to be well ventilated with good drainage, rich with organic matter, can us in potting mix or peat soil with perlite or vermiculite.

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring, summer, autumn and winter, start 30-50 days from planting

General information about the flower:
Little purple pink flowers with yellow stamens, 3-5 growing flower blossoms

Thinning the bloom:
If thinning happening should check the root, watering and try to hand pollinate

Pollination is done by:
Bees

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Starting 60-120 days from sowing, summer, autumn (in cold areas) in hot area almost all year

Fruits pests or diseases:
Slugs, worms, birds

What can be done with big quantities of Eggplant plant fruits?
Eat fresh, cooked, sauce, juice and much more

Work requirements on the fruit:
Trellising (sometime the fruit heavy for the plant)

How long does it take to bear fruit?
1-2.5 month from planting

Ripening of fruit:
Picked up when it’s unripe before it’s fully grown

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Not require special condition, also possible just to threw some seeds and it will grow

Saving seeds until sowing:
Cool and dry location

Sowing season:
End of the winter (after the last frost, start of the spring) in hardiness zone 11+ possible all the year.

Planting spacing:
20-40 cm

Depth of Sowing:
5-10 mm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Full sun, 20-25 C can be more or less but this is the best temperature

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water, the soil should be moist

Germination time:
1-2 weeks

Condition of seedling:
Full sun, more than 20C, the sprout is very delightful to bug need protection in the beginning

Do the seeds require burying?
No

Vegetative Reproduction

How to make Vegetative Reproduction in Eggplant plant?
Cutting

The best time for vegetative reproduction in Eggplant plant:
Spring – beginning of the summer

How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction?
1-2 weeks

What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction in Eggplant plant?
Warm, Moist, and should put the cuttings in glass of water and change the water every 2 days

Scientific name:

Solanum melongena

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors

Climate

Harvest season

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone