Capsicum chinense growing shrub of the genus Capsicum also known as Chinense pepper, Capsicum chinense perennial evergreen but can grow also as annual plant and also used as ornamental plant, can grow in tropic, subtropical, mediterranean, temperate or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ as perennial 2+ as annual.
Flower color white cream or purple with 6 petals, the flowers small grow in clusters of 2-3 flowers.
Capsicum chinense fruits
Fruit color can be: orange, red, purple, yellow, green, white, brown, pink, mustard, also the pepper of can be in variety of shapes,
Capsicum chinense peppers are hot, for the hot pepper there is a heat scale measure, Scoville heat Units. Capsicum chinense Scoville heat unit is 110,000 – 2,200,000
Capsicum chinense for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
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Requirements for Capsicum chinense growing and care:
Warm weather, Moderate moist (depend on the species there is species that like les or more), if the plant infected by aphid in the lower branches in the shadow, should cut the infected leaves, and clean
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Burn above 44 C in full sun, Some Peppers are dangerous to children, Frost sensitive
Spring, summer, autumn
Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants, Nematodes, Mites, Fungus
All year, in colder place before the winter
How to prune:
Dead or Infected branches, branches that grow in cross ways
Size of the plant?
0.5-2m 20-80 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / in Warm climate almost Full sun
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer. In 45-70 it’s start to bloom
General information about the flower
Small flowers grow in groups of 2-3 flowers, with 6 petals, can be in the colors: white, cream or purple
Thinning the bloom:
When the plants is not fully grow recommend to thinning
Pollination is done by:
Bees and other pollinators
Fruit harvest season:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer
Fruits pests or diseases:
Aphids, fungal, Sun burns
What can be done with big quantities of Capsicum chinense fruits?
Salad, Used for cooking, Medical uses, Herbs, Used for spreads, Pickle, Spices
Work requirements on the fruit:
Prune, if the plant attacked be aphids the fruit should be more exposure to the sun
How long does it take to bear fruit?
Carolina Reaper – is a red pepper considered to be the world’s hottest chili, averaging 1,569,300 on the Scoville heat scale with peak levels of over 2,200,000.
Habanero – a well-known chili pepper from mexico with scoville heat units ranging from 100,000–350,000. Habaneros come in all sorts of colors varying from Common colors such as orange, red and less common ones such as white, brown, pink, mustard, and others.The hottest Habanero to date is the Red Savina pepper with a score of 577,000 units on the Scoville heat scale.
Scotch Bonnet – a chili pepper found mainly in the Caribbean islands with similar ratings to its cousin the Habanero. Some Scotch Bonnet’s have a sweeter more unique flavour than Habanero’s which makes them ideal for Caribbean dishes.
Fatalii – A yellow chili pepper that originates from central and southern Africa. It has a fruity, citrus flavor and heat levels comparable to the Habanero. The Scoville Food Institute lists Fatalii to be the seventh hottest pepper in the world with heat levels ranging from 125,000 to 400,000 Scoville units.
Ghost Pepper or Bhut Jolokia – Is an extremely hot pepper that was stated to be twice as hot as the former world’s hottest pepper 850000 – 1000000
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion – Is an exceptionally hot pepper that was recognized as the hottest chili pepper in the world in 2012 with Scoville heat units of more than 1.2 million to 2 million SHUs. It was recently dethorned by the Carolina Reaper.
Naga Viper pepper – 1,382,118 Shu one of the hottest pepper in the world
Datil – yellow pepper 100,000-300,000
Grow from seeds
No special requirement
Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, room temperature, Require to check that the seed are ripen before saving them
For relocation 3-5 cm or different pots, 20-50 cm depend on the species
Depth of Sowing:
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist and Light soil,
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water
5-20 days can be sometimes more
Condition of seedling:
Moderate moist, some species are sensitive to moist,
Do the seeds require burying?
Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Spring / Autumn (in warm places) but can be all year
Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
2-3 weeks sometimes less
Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Put the cutting in water or in the ground