How to grow Habanero

Habanero growing shrub‎ of the genus Capsicum also known as Habanero pepper or Chili pepper, Habanero perennial evergreen but can grow also as annual plant, can grow in tropic, subtropical, mediterranean, temperate or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ as perennial 2+ as annual.

Flower color white cream or purple with 6 petals, the flowers small grow in clusters of 2-3 flowers.

Habanero fruits

Fruit color can be: orange, red, purple, yellow and less common ones such as white, brown, pink, mustard, and others

Habanero pepper from Mexico the scoville heat units ranging from 100,000–350,000.

The hottest Habanero to date is the Red Savina pepper with a score of 577,000 units on the Scoville heat scale.

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How to grow Habanero growing and care:

Warm weather, Moderate moist (depend on the species there is species that like les or more) , if the plant infected by aphid in the lower branches in the shadow, should cut the infected leaves, and clean

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Burn above 44 C in full sun, Some Peppers are dangerous to children, Frost sensitive

Planting season:
Spring, summer, autumn

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants, Nematodes, Mites, Fungus

Pruning season:
All year, in colder place before the winter

How to prune:
Dead or Infected branches, branches that grow in cross ways

Size of the plant?
0.3-1.4 m, 12-56 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / in Warm climate almost Full sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer. In 45-70 it’s start to bloom

General information about the flower
Small flowers grow in groups of 2-3 flowers, with 6 petals, can be in the colors: white, cream or purple

Thinning the bloom:
When the plants is not fully grow recommend to thinning

Pollination is done by:
Bees and other pollinators

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer

Fruits pests or diseases:
Aphids, fungal, Sun burns

What can be done with big quantities of Habanero fruits?
Salad, Used for cooking, Medical uses, Herbs, Used for spreads, Pickle, Spices

Work requirements on the fruit:
Prune, if the plant attacked be aphids the fruit should be more exposure to the sun

How long does it take to bear fruit?
60-90 days


Chocolate Habanero also known as ‘Congo black’ – an outrageously hot Habanero that ranks among the hottest on the heat scale registering at 450,000 SHU. The fruits ripen from emerald green to a beautiful chocolate color.
Caribbean Red Habanero – one of the hottest habaneros (445,000 Scovilles) that also has great flavor and twice the heat of most Habaneros. The pepper matures from green to bright red.
Big Sun Habanero is a large Habanero from Africa that matures from green to a yellow and has a very fruity flavor with the same scorching heat of its other habanero relatives.
Mustard Habanero is a unique strain of chile that starts out green-purple and matures to a distinctive mustard color. They are rated at a similar heat level as that of the regular habanero.
Peach habanero – a very productive variety on a compact plant which makes it ideal for inside growing.
Peruvian White Habanero – a rare version of the White Habanero that originates from Peru. The plants are very productive and the fruits are extremely hot, often hotter than the regular orange habanero.

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
No special requirement

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, room temperature, Require to check that the seed are ripen before saving them

Sowing season:

Planting spacing:
For relocation 3-5 cm or different pots, 20-50 cm depend on the species

Depth of Sowing:
0.5-1 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist and Light soil,

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
5-20 days can be sometimes more

Condition of seedling:
Moderate moist, some species are sensitive to moist,

Do the seeds require burying?

Vegetative Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Stems, Cutting

Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Spring / Autumn (in warm places) but can be all year

Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
2-3 weeks sometimes less

Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Put the cutting in water or in the ground

Scientific name:

Capsicum chinense

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone