Habanero growing shrub of the genus Capsicum also known as Habanero pepper or Chili pepper, Habanero perennial evergreen but can grow also as annual plant, can grow in tropic, subtropical, mediterranean, temperate or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ as perennial 2+ as annual.
Flower color white cream or purple with 6 petals, the flowers small grow in clusters of 2-3 flowers.
Fruit color can be: orange, red, purple, yellow and less common ones such as white, brown, pink, mustard, and others
Habanero pepper from Mexico the scoville heat units ranging from 100,000–350,000.
The hottest Habanero to date is the Red Savina pepper with a score of 577,000 units on the Scoville heat scale.
Habanero for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
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Requirements for Habanero growing and care:
Warm weather, Moderate moist (depend on the species there is species that like les or more) , if the plant infected by aphid in the lower branches in the shadow, should cut the infected leaves, and clean
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Burn above 44 C in full sun, Some Peppers are dangerous to children, Frost sensitive
Spring, summer, autumn
Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants, Nematodes, Mites, Fungus
All year, in colder place before the winter
How to prune:
Dead or Infected branches, branches that grow in cross ways
Size of the plant?
0.3-1.4 m, 12-56 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / in Warm climate almost Full sun
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer. In 45-70 it’s start to bloom
General information about the flower
Small flowers grow in groups of 2-3 flowers, with 6 petals, can be in the colors: white, cream or purple
Thinning the bloom:
When the plants is not fully grow recommend to thinning
Pollination is done by:
Bees and other pollinators
Fruit harvest season:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer
Fruits pests or diseases:
Aphids, fungal, Sun burns
What can be done with big quantities of Habanero fruits?
Salad, Used for cooking, Medical uses, Herbs, Used for spreads, Pickle, Spices
Work requirements on the fruit:
Prune, if the plant attacked be aphids the fruit should be more exposure to the sun
How long does it take to bear fruit?
Chocolate Habanero also known as ‘Congo black’ – an outrageously hot Habanero that ranks among the hottest on the heat scale registering at 450,000 SHU. The fruits ripen from emerald green to a beautiful chocolate color.
Caribbean Red Habanero – one of the hottest habaneros (445,000 Scovilles) that also has great flavor and twice the heat of most Habaneros. The pepper matures from green to bright red.
Big Sun Habanero is a large Habanero from Africa that matures from green to a yellow and has a very fruity flavor with the same scorching heat of its other habanero relatives.
Mustard Habanero is a unique strain of chile that starts out green-purple and matures to a distinctive mustard color. They are rated at a similar heat level as that of the regular habanero.
Peach habanero – a very productive variety on a compact plant which makes it ideal for inside growing.
Peruvian White Habanero – a rare version of the White Habanero that originates from Peru. The plants are very productive and the fruits are extremely hot, often hotter than the regular orange habanero.
Grow from seeds
No special requirement
Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, room temperature, Require to check that the seed are ripen before saving them
For relocation 3-5 cm or different pots, 20-50 cm depend on the species
Depth of Sowing:
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist and Light soil,
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water
5-20 days can be sometimes more
Condition of seedling:
Moderate moist, some species are sensitive to moist,
Do the seeds require burying?
Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Spring / Autumn (in warm places) but can be all year
Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
2-3 weeks sometimes less
Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Put the cutting in water or in the ground