How to grow Capsicum annuum

Capsicum annuum growing shrub‎ of the genus Capsicum also known as Annuum pepper, Capsicum annuum perennial evergreen but can grow also as annual plant and also used as ornamental plant, can grow in tropic, subtropical, mediterranean, temperate or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ as perennial 2+ as annual.

Flower color white cream or purple with 6 petals, the flowers small grow in clusters of 2-3 flowers.

Capsicum annuum fruits

Fruit color can be: red, green, purple, brown, yellow, orange, crimson, also the pepper of can be in variety of shapes,

Capsicum annuum peppers can be hot or sweet, for the hot pepper there is a heat scale measure, Scoville heat Units. Capsicum annuum Scoville heat unit is 0–50,000

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How to grow Capsicum annuum growing and care:

Warm weather, Moderate moist (depend on the species there is species that like les or more), if the plant infected by aphid in the lower branches in the shadow, should cut the infected leaves, and clean

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Burn above 44 C in full sun, Some Peppers are dangerous to children, Frost sensitive

Planting season:
Spring, summer, autumn

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants, Nematodes, Mites, Fungus

Pruning season:
All year, in colder place before the winter

How to prune:
Dead or Infected branches, branches that grow in cross ways

Size of the plant?
0.3-1.4 m, 12-56 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / in Warm climate almost Full sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer. In 45-70 it’s start to bloom

General information about the flower
Small flowers grow in groups of 2-3 flowers, with 6 petals, can be in the colors: white, cream or purple

Thinning the bloom:
When the plants is not fully grow recommend to thinning

Pollination is done by:
Bees and other pollinators

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer

Fruits pests or diseases:
Aphids, fungal, Sun burns

What can be done with big quantities of Capsicum annuum fruits?
Salad, Used for cooking, Medical uses, Herbs, Used for spreads, Pickle, Spices

Work requirements on the fruit:
Prune, if the plant attacked be aphids the fruit should be more exposure to the sun

How long does it take to bear fruit?
60-90 days


Sweet pepper – few verities include bell pepper not contained scoville heat units. the colors of the fruits can be green, purple, yellow, red, orange, brown, crimson.

Bell pepper – a sweet cultivar pepper, the colors of the fruits can be green, purple, yellow, red, orange or brown

Banana pepper (wax) – sweet yellow Hungarian pepper

Cayenne pepper – a red cultivar which is Capsicum annuumd after the city of Cayenne in French Guiana and is rated at a Scoville heat unit scale of 30,000–50,000

Jimmy Nardello – a delicious sweet red pepper from Italy. It is very suitable for drying and frying as it is for salads.

Jalapeno (Jalapeño) – a very popular pepper from Mexico that is usually picked and eaten while still green, but occasionally allowed to fully ripen and turn red. Jalapeno peppers heat level varies from 2,500 to 10,000 Scoville heat units depending on the strain’s cultivation and preparation.

Fresno – an excellent medium sized red pepper with a Scovile rating of 2,500 to 10,000 SHU. It is quite similar in appearance to the Jalapeno pepper but contains thinner walls.

Chiltepin pepper – very small round red pepper

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
No special requirement

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, room temperature, Require to check that the seed are ripen before saving them

Sowing season:

Planting spacing:
For relocation 3-5 cm or different pots, 20-50 cm depend on the species

Depth of Sowing:
0.5-1 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist and Light soil,

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
5-20 days can be sometimes more

Condition of seedling:
Moderate moist, some species are sensitive to moist,

Do the seeds require burying?

Vegetative Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Stems, Cutting

Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Spring / Autumn (in warm places) but can be all year

Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
2-3 weeks sometimes less

Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Put the cutting in water or in the ground

Scientific name:

Capsicum annuum

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone