Capsicum annuum growing shrub of the genus Capsicum also known as Annuum pepper, Capsicum annuum perennial evergreen but can grow also as annual plant and also used as ornamental plant, can grow in tropic, subtropical, mediterranean, temperate or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ as perennial 2+ as annual.
Flower color white cream or purple with 6 petals, the flowers small grow in clusters of 2-3 flowers.
Capsicum annuum fruits
Fruit color can be: red, green, purple, brown, yellow, orange, crimson, also the pepper of can be in variety of shapes,
Capsicum annuum peppers can be hot or sweet, for the hot pepper there is a heat scale measure, Scoville heat Units. Capsicum annuum Scoville heat unit is 0–50,000
Capsicum annuum for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
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Requirements for Capsicum annuum growing and care:
Warm weather, Moderate moist (depend on the species there is species that like les or more), if the plant infected by aphid in the lower branches in the shadow, should cut the infected leaves, and clean
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
No, but it’s possible
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Burn above 44 C in full sun, Some Peppers are dangerous to children, Frost sensitive
Spring, summer, autumn
Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants, Nematodes, Mites, Fungus
All year, in colder place before the winter
How to prune:
Dead or Infected branches, branches that grow in cross ways
Size of the plant?
0.3-1.4 m, 12-56 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / in Warm climate almost Full sun
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer. In 45-70 it’s start to bloom
General information about the flower
Small flowers grow in groups of 2-3 flowers, with 6 petals, can be in the colors: white, cream or purple
Thinning the bloom:
When the plants is not fully grow recommend to thinning
Pollination is done by:
Bees and other pollinators
Fruit harvest season:
In sub/tropics climate can bloom all year in temperate climate the Spring / Summer
Fruits pests or diseases:
Aphids, fungal, Sun burns
What can be done with big quantities of Capsicum annuum fruits?
Salad, Used for cooking, Medical uses, Herbs, Used for spreads, Pickle, Spices
Work requirements on the fruit:
Prune, if the plant attacked be aphids the fruit should be more exposure to the sun
How long does it take to bear fruit?
Sweet pepper – few verities include bell pepper not contained scoville heat units. the colors of the fruits can be green, purple, yellow, red, orange, brown, crimson.
Bell pepper – a sweet cultivar pepper, the colors of the fruits can be green, purple, yellow, red, orange or brown
Banana pepper (wax) – sweet yellow Hungarian pepper
Cayenne pepper – a red cultivar which is Capsicum annuumd after the city of Cayenne in French Guiana and is rated at a Scoville heat unit scale of 30,000–50,000
Jimmy Nardello – a delicious sweet red pepper from Italy. It is very suitable for drying and frying as it is for salads.
Jalapeno (Jalapeño) – a very popular pepper from Mexico that is usually picked and eaten while still green, but occasionally allowed to fully ripen and turn red. Jalapeno peppers heat level varies from 2,500 to 10,000 Scoville heat units depending on the strain’s cultivation and preparation.
Fresno – an excellent medium sized red pepper with a Scovile rating of 2,500 to 10,000 SHU. It is quite similar in appearance to the Jalapeno pepper but contains thinner walls.
Chiltepin pepper – very small round red pepper
Grow from seeds
No special requirement
Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, room temperature, Require to check that the seed are ripen before saving them
For relocation 3-5 cm or different pots, 20-50 cm depend on the species
Depth of Sowing:
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist and Light soil,
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water
5-20 days can be sometimes more
Condition of seedling:
Moderate moist, some species are sensitive to moist,
Do the seeds require burying?
Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Spring / Autumn (in warm places) but can be all year
Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
2-3 weeks sometimes less
Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Put the cutting in water or in the ground