Yacon growing geophyte of the genus Smallanthus also known as Peruvian ground apple or Jicama, Yacon perennial is evergreen and in cooler places deciduous plant, can grow in tropics, mediterranean, subtropics or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 7+.
Leaves edible arrowhead-shaped, when young it a little purplish after maturity become greenish.
Flower color yellow the flowers look like look like daisies.
Rhizome edible bark brown color in the inside is white, the weight of rhizome 0.2-2 Kg, taste is sweet, to make the taste sweeter should put it in the sun for two weeks after, when the rhizome is in hibernation, the rhizome sensitive to moist soil, cause to rot or the rhizome, good to store it in the in dry dark cold place.
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Requirements for Yacon growing and care:
Frost free, in 3C can die, well drain soil, to put the rhizome at least 3 cm underground
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / rhizome/ Vegetative Reproduction
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
Yes, very hard to find seeds
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sensitive to cold, flooded
Spring, summer, autumn
Pests and diseases:
Beginning of the winter
How to prune:
Prune all the dry leaves and stems
Size of the plant?
1-2m, 40-80 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
General information about the flower
Yellow flower with narrow petals
Thinning the bloom:
Should thinning the flowers better for the growth of the plant
Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Take it in autumn / Winter, but put it in the ground in the spring
Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Regular like the plant
Leaves harvesting season
Spring / Summer
How to harvest the leaves?
Trim the leaves from the end of the leave don’t take much leaves it’s effect the growth of the rhizome
Information about leaves:
Arrowhead-shaped leaves when young it a little purplish after maturity become greenish
Uses of Yacoon leaves:
Information about Yacon’s rhizome:
rhizomes reddish brown, when they are young are reddish and then they turn brown, the red bulbs can be harvested but more sensitive. Possible to use also brown roots, the size of the rhizomes usually 100-300 gram but can be 2 kg
When to pull up Yacon’s rhizome:
Summer / Autumn
Uses of Yacon rhizome: