How to grow Yacon

Yacon growing geophyte of the genus Smallanthus also known as Peruvian ground apple or Jicama, Yacon perennial is evergreen and in cooler places deciduous plant, can grow in tropics, mediterranean, subtropics or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 7+.

Leaves edible arrowhead-shaped, when young it a little purplish after maturity become greenish.

Flower color yellow the flowers look like look like daisies.

Yacon rhizome

Rhizome edible bark brown color in the inside is white, the weight of rhizome 0.2-2 Kg, taste is sweet, to make the taste sweeter should put it in the sun for two weeks after, when the rhizome is in hibernation, the rhizome sensitive to moist soil, cause to rot or the rhizome, good to store it in the in dry dark cold place.

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Requirements for Yacon growing and care:

Frost free, in 3C can die, well drain soil, to put the rhizome at least 3 cm underground

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant /  rhizome/ Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
Yes, very hard to find seeds

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sensitive to cold, flooded

Planting season:
Spring, summer, autumn

Pests and diseases:
Slugs, aphids,

Pruning season:
Beginning of the winter

How to prune:
Prune all the dry leaves and stems

Size of the plant?
1-2m, 40-80 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Half Shade

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
Yellow flower with narrow petals

Thinning the bloom:
Should thinning the flowers better for the growth of the plant

Vegetative Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction Method:

Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
Take it in autumn / Winter, but put it in the ground in the spring

Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
Few days

Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Regular like the plant

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season
Spring / Summer

How to harvest the leaves?
Trim the leaves from the end of the leave don’t take much leaves it’s effect the growth of the rhizome

Information about leaves:
Arrowhead-shaped leaves when young it a little purplish after maturity become greenish

Uses of Yacoon leaves:
Beverage, cooked

Edible Roots

Information about  Yacon’s rhizome:
rhizomes reddish brown, when they are young are reddish and then they turn brown, the red bulbs can be harvested but more sensitive. Possible to use also brown roots, the size of the rhizomes usually 100-300 gram but can be 2 kg

When to pull up Yacon’s rhizome:
Summer / Autumn

Uses of Yacon rhizome:
Cooked, baked

Scientific name:


Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone