How to grow Sugar beet

Sugar beet grow and care – taproot leaf plant of the genus Beta also known as Sugar root, Sugar beet is annual but for seeds biennial plant, can grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropics climate and growing in hardiness zone 2-10.

Sugar beet taproots

Taproot contains a lot of sugar the taproot shaped cone, taproot colors: mostly white, but can be pale yellow.

Leaves edible can be 10-30 cm, the color green. Flowers color very small flowers grow on inflorescence color green/ yellow

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How to grow Sugar beet growing and care:

Well drain soil, airy soil, clean from stone or hard object, slightly acid, free weed area, cold season

What is the best way to start growing?
Seedling / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sometime the yield is too small

Planting season:
Autumn – frost free area / Spring – temperate climate

Pests and diseases:
Slugs, Aphids, prodenia

Pruning season:
All season

How to prune:
Dead or infected leaves

Size of the plant?
The root 4-9 cm (2-4 inches), the leaves 4-30 cm (2-12 inches)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
Very small flowers grow on inflorescence color green

Thinning the bloom:
Better to pick up the root before it’s start to bloom

Pollination is done by:
Mostly wind, bees

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Small black seeds, usually bound in a sort of square brown and woody that containing several seeds, this structure designed to fly in the wind, so you should pay attention after flowering

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry dark place

Sowing season:
Autumn – frost free area / Spring – temperate climate

Planting spacing:
10-20 cm

Depth of Sowing:
1-2 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:

Watering requires for Seeds:
Small amount of water / Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Germination time:
3-20 days

Condition of seedling:
Moist, airy soil, clean from stone

Do the seeds require burying?

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
In warm area all year less in the summer, in cold area Spring / Summer / Autumn

How to harvest the leaves?
Trim the leaves in the base of the leave next to the root, for salad young leaves for cooked mature leaves

Information about leaves:
Depend on the species 5-70 cm, the color: purple, red, green. Sometime the vain of the leaves can be in color: yellow, red, purple

Uses of Sugar beet leaves:
Quiche, cooked, stir fry, salad

Edible Roots

Information about Sugar beet’s taproot:
Taproot shaped cone or round, taproot colors: burgundy, pink, yellow, white, red

When to pull up Sugar beet’s taproot:
About 90 days to harvest, when sow in the autumn it’s in the winter, when sow in the spring it’s in the summer

Uses of Sugar beet leaves:
Juice, sugar, cooked, jams

Scientific name:

Beta vulgaris

How to grow Sugar beet

Sugar beet

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