How to grow Chard plant

Chard plant grow and care – leaf plant of the genus Beta also known as Swiss Chard or Mangold, Chard plant grow as annual, biennial or short perennial mostly used as edible for the leaves but also some cultivar used as ornamental plant, can grow in mediterranean, subtropics or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 2-10.

Chard plant leaves

Leaves depend on the species 5-70 cm, the color: purple, red, green. Sometime the vain of the leaves can be in color: yellow, red, purple

Flower color green-yellow, very small flowers grow on inflorescence.

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How to grow Chard plant growing and care:

Well drain soil, airy soil, slightly acid, free weed area

What is the best way to start growing?
Seedling / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sometimes bloom too fast

Planting season:
Possible all year

Pests and diseases:
Slugs, Aphids, prodenia

Pruning season:
All season

How to prune:
Dead or infected leaves

Size of the plant?
4-30 cm (2-12 inches)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
Very small flowers grow on inflorescence color green/ yellow

Thinning the bloom:
Better to pick up the root before it’s start to bloom

Pollination is done by:
Mostly wind, bees

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Small black seeds, usually bound in a sort of square brown and woody that containing several seeds, this structure designed to fly in the wind, so you should pay attention after flowering

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry dark place

Sowing season:
Possible all year

Planting spacing:
10-20 cm

Depth of Sowing:
1-2 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
3-20 days

Condition of seedling:
Moist, airy soil, clean from stone

Do the seeds require burying?


Fordhook – Big green leaves, white vains

Rainbow Chard– green reddish leaves, the vain can be, green, yellow, red, burgundy, pink

Ruby Red – red or green leaves with red or green vain

Vegetative Reproduction

How to make Vegetative Reproduction in Chard plant?
Sometimes on the stem of the inflorescence start to grow little plants

The best time for vegetative reproduction in Chard plant:
All the year

How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction?
1-2 weeks

What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction in Chard plant?
Burying the stems in the ground any leave the leaves above

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
In warm area all year less in the summer, in cold area Spring / Summer / Autumn

How to harvest the leaves?
Trim the leaves in the base of the leave next to the root, for salad young leaves for cooked mature leaves

Information about leaves:
Depend on the species 5-70 cm, the color: purple, red, green. Sometime the vain of the leaves can be in color: yellow, red, purple

Uses of Chard plant leaves:
Quiche, cooked, stir fry, salad

Scientific name: B. vulgaris subsp. cicla

How to grow Chard plant

Chard plant care

Swiss chard

Chard plant

Harvest Chard plant

Red Chard plant

Growing Swiss chard

Growing Chard plant


Blooming Seasons
  • Summer flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible leaves
Culinary uses
  • Cooked
  • Leafy vegetables
  • Stuffed or Wrapped
Flower colors
  • Green flower
  • Yellow flower
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Spring Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
  • Winter harvest
Leaf color
  • Orange leaves
  • Purple leaf
  • Red leaves
  • White leaves
  • Yellow leaf
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental leaves
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Annual plant
  • Biennial plant
  • Evergreen
  • Leaf plant
  • Perennial plant
Plant Uses
  • Colored leaves
  • Edible plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
  • Winter planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
Watering plants
  • Big amount of water
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 2
  • Hardiness zone 3
  • Hardiness zone 4
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9