Chard plant growing leaf plant of the genus Beta also known as Swiss Chard or Mangold, Chard plant grow as annual, biennial or short perennial mostly used as edible for the leaves but also some cultivar used as ornamental plant, can grow in mediterranean, subtropics or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 2-10.
Chard plant leaves
Leaves depend on the species 5-70 cm, the color: purple, red, green. Sometime the vain of the leaves can be in color: yellow, red, purple
Flower color green-yellow, very small flowers grow on inflorescence.
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Requirements for Chard plant growing and care:
Well drain soil, airy soil, slightly acid, free weed area
What is the best way to start growing?
Seedling / Seed
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sometimes bloom too fast
Possible all year
Pests and diseases:
Slugs, Aphids, prodenia
How to prune:
Dead or infected leaves
Size of the plant?
4-30 cm (2-12 inches)
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
General information about the flower
Very small flowers grow on inflorescence color green/ yellow
Thinning the bloom:
Better to pick up the root before it’s start to bloom
Pollination is done by:
Mostly wind, bees
Grow from seeds
Small black seeds, usually bound in a sort of square brown and woody that containing several seeds, this structure designed to fly in the wind, so you should pay attention after flowering
Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry dark place
Possible all year
Depth of Sowing:
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water
Condition of seedling:
Moist, airy soil, clean from stone
Do the seeds require burying?
Fordhook – Big green leaves, white vains
Rainbow Chard– green reddish leaves, the vain can be, green, yellow, red, burgundy, pink
Ruby Red – red or green leaves with red or green vain
How to make Vegetative Reproduction in Chard plant?
Sometimes on the stem of the inflorescence start to grow little plants
The best time for vegetative reproduction in Chard plant:
All the year
How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction?
What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction in Chard plant?
Burying the stems in the ground any leave the leaves above
Leaves harvesting season:
In warm area all year less in the summer, in cold area Spring / Summer / Autumn
How to harvest the leaves?
Trim the leaves in the base of the leave next to the root, for salad young leaves for cooked mature leaves
Information about leaves:
Depend on the species 5-70 cm, the color: purple, red, green. Sometime the vain of the leaves can be in color: yellow, red, purple
Uses of Chard plant leaves:
Quiche, cooked, stir fry, salad
Scientific name: B. vulgaris subsp. cicla