Sansevieria zeylanica grow and care – succulent of the genus Dracaena formerly Sansevieria also known as Snake Plant, Sansevieria zeylanica perennial evergreen used as ornamental plant, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropics or tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone 10+.
How to grow Sansevieria zeylanica growing and care:
Better temperature above 5C (41F), well-drained soil
How to care: Add organic matter and fertilize, because of blooming problem better to fertilize before the blooming season, when the plant young (in case of seeds or late planting) better to protect it in the winter in hardiness zone 8-10a
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seeds / Vegetative Reproduction
How to divide shoots: Dived shoots when the plant fully grown better to separate after wet the soil in order to make it easier and to keep the roots as long as possible need to cut the connection between the plants, after planting in the beginning increase the amount of water for at least two weeks, better to do it with longer until the first leaf that grow.
How to grow by cutting leaves: Propagation by cutting leaf, cut the leaves or cut in the base of the leaf with hand not anything sharp and wait at least 24 hours or if not cut in the base or it is stem need wait few days until tissue will heal and care won’t be wet, after this put it in well-drained soil, and water it every few days to two weeks let in dry but not fully dry, after few weeks to month it start to grow root, cutting better to start in the late spring to early summer but always can do it indoor
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction in Snake plant? No, it’s harder to start by seeds and easier start from cutting and daughter plant and the plant doesn’t bloom a lot so it’s harder to find seeds
Difficulties or problems when growing: Leaves are toxic
Recommended planting season? Spring in hardiness zone 10a, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 10b-11a, all year in hardiness zone 11b+
How to plant: Planting in location with good drainage, the plant doesn’t like and might die if will sit in puddle so in rainy location better to grow above the ground level and use raising bad
Pests and diseases: Snails, slugs, weevil, spider mites, aphids
Pruning season: All year, in colder area better in winter
How to prune: Old leaves and dead plants, possible to trim just part of the leaf (the dead part) 1cm (0.5 inch) under the dead part
Size of the plant: 20-40 cm, 8-16 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Slow growing, after the plant establish and with the right fertilization
Water requirement: Small amount of water / Average amount of water, drainage of the soil it’s important and when the drainage is not good reduce the amount of water and better let it dry between watering
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade / Full Shade (with light), when moving the plant from shade to full sun need to expose it to sun slowly, when plant it direct in full sun need to choose cooler days with some clouds that will let the plant sufficient time to establish and adjust to the new environment.
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes
How to care indoor: When plant it indoor need to clean it from pests before put it in house, because there isn’t predators for the pests, the shade in the house might cause problems and the plant might won’t bloom
Growing is also possible in a pot, planter, flowerpot, containers: Yes, when grow in pot possible to start by 5L (1.5 gallon) but it’s for few plants connected together, in order to get impressive and blooming plant need at least 15-20L (4-5 gallons) and shallow will be better, but in order to get flowers after few years need to check that the roots system not fill all the planter, if it’s full need to reduce that amount of plants and cut the roots or to increase the size of the container, except this need to take care and pull old plants after blooming, pruning the leaves and roots and reduce the amount of roots in the pots and let new roots to grow, every few years need to check the soil that it’s still viable and if not take care of the soil by washing the old soil and put new, soil better to have potting mix or something similar.
Bloom season: Summer
General information about the flower White flowers grow on spike
How to grow Snake plant from seeds
Sowing requirement: Temperature 22-28C (the seeds can survive in wide range temperature), sunny location with good drainage
Saving seeds and care until sowing: Dry and dark location
Sowing season: Spring to summer in hardiness zone 10, possible all the year in hardiness zone 11+
Planting spacing: 20*30cm (8*12 inches), for transplant 2*2cm (1*1 inch)
Depth of Sowing: 0.5-1cm (0.25-0.5inches)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil with light humidity
Watering requires for Seeds: Small amount of water, keep soil lightly moist but not over water and don’t let it dry
Germination time: 2-8 weeks
Condition of seedling: Full sun, regularly water, keep the soil moist