How to grow Daffodil plant

Daffodil plant grow and care – herbaceous geophyte of the genus Narcissus also known as Daffodils or Narcissus flower, Daffodil plant perennial deciduous used as ornamental cut flower plant, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropics or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-11 (need to keep the bulb in 4-9 indoor over winter) and also possible with the right care indoor as houseplant.

Leaves color green in linear shape grow in rosette structure.

Daffodil plant flowers

Flower petals color can be white, yellow or orange, the inner part looks like trumpet and the color can be: white, yellow or orange, color or the trumpet can be without connection to the color of the petals, the edge of the trumpet can be prominent can be the color or the structure, some varieties fragrant plant.

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How to grow Daffodil plant – growing and care:

Dry summer and cool growing season, planting temperature 5-20C (41-68F)

How to care:
Add fertilizer for blooming in the moment that the bulb start to grow after blooming add fertilizer for growing leaves, it’s will make the bulb stronger, also better to add chopped mulch it’s keep the moist of the soil

How to care and store the bulbs:
The bulb better storage in cool place and dry, better to add some dry mulch (paper, dead leaves or wood cheap) that if there is some humidity the mulch would protect the bulbs)

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seeds / Bulb/ Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, when start from seeds the flowers will be the same but it will takes few years until blooming and its harder start by seeds than bulbs

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Poisonous and the blooming season short

When is the best time to plant?
Spring in hardiness zone 4-10a and autumn to winter 10-11

How to plant the bulb:
Planting in the beginning of the season, dig bigger hole than the 5 times more than the bulb and add humus and organic matter mix it with the soil, plant the bulb 2cm (1inch) from the top of the bulb

Pests and diseases:
Nematode, bulb mites bulb flies

Pruning season:
End of the summer to autumn in hardiness zone 4-10a, end of the spring to summer in hardiness zone 10-11

How to prune:
Dead leaves and flower stalk

Size of the plant:
5-80cm, 2-32 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing / Slow growing (especially when the plant young)

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade (might have blooming problem) / Full Shade (it’s possible just after the plant start to bloom, without sun the plant won’t bloom.

In hardiness zone 10b-11 (the plant grow under deciduous trees) the plant get enough sun in the autumn to the winter (in the growing season) and grow in full shade in the spring

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No, but when get enough sun before blooming possible after this to put it indoor with full shade

How to care indoor:
When grow as indoor because it’s not classic houseplant, need to expose the plant to sun before start to bloom (on the window), when the plant start bloom put the plant indoor until the dormant take and then stop to watering them

Growing is also possible in pots, planter, flowerpot or containers:
Yes, when growing in container the plant (with one bulb can grow in 1L (0.2 gallon) and possible and better 2.5L (0.5 gallons), well-drained soil and better to use potting mix or something similar, every few need to check the soil that it’s still viable and if not take care of the soil by washing the old soil and put new, but in order to get flowers after a lot years need to check that the roots system not fill all the planter, if it’s full need to reduce that amount of plants or to increase the size of the container

Blooming information

Bloom season?
In warm climate in winter (and rarely end of the autumn), in cold climate end of the winter to spring

General information about the flower:
Trumpet shape flowers, white, yellow or orange, the inner part looks like trumpet and the color can be: white, yellow or orange, color or the trumpet can be without connection to the color of the petals, the edge of the trumpet can be prominent can be the color or the structure, some varieties fragrant plant, takes at least 2-4 years to bloom from seeds

How to grow Daffodil plant from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Temperature 6-18C (43-65F), soak the seeds at least 24 hours, keep high humidity (like fog), moist soil

Saving seeds and care until sowing:
In the refrigerator in dark and dry location

Sowing season:
Spring in hardiness zone 4-10a and autumn to winter 10b-11, autumn in hardiness zone 10a

How to plant:
Plant in peat soil or other heavy soil the keep the moist

Planting spacing:
For transplant 2*2cm (1*1 inch) and directly 10*10cm (4*4 inches)

Depth of Sowing:
0.5cm (0.25 inch)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, high humidity and half shade to full sun

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water (don’t let it dry)

Germination time:
2-10 weeks and might take longer

Condition of seedling:
Moist soil, full sun, better temperature not above 25C (77F)

Do the seeds require burying?
Yes

Chilling hour’s requirements:
At least 2 month in temperatures of ~5C (41F)

Scientific name:

Narcissus

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