Narcissus tazetta grow and care – herbaceous geophyte of the genus Narcissus also known as Paper white flower or Bunch-flowered daffodil, Narcissus tazetta perennial deciduous used as ornamental fragrant cut flower plant, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropics or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 7b-10 and with the right care in hardiness zone 11, possible to grow it in hardiness zone less than 7 but need to pull the bulb out of the soil in the autumn.
Leaves color green in linear shape grow in rosette structure.
Dry summer and cool growing season, planting temperature 5-20C (41-68F)
How to care: Add fertilizer for blooming in the moment that the bulb start to grow after blooming add fertilizer for growing leaves, it’s will make the bulb stronger, also better to add choped mulch it’s keep the moist of the soil
How to care and store the bulbs: The bulb better storage in cool place and dry, better to add some dry mulch (paper, dead leaves or wood cheap) that if there is some humidity the mulch would protect the bulbs)
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seeds / Bulb/ Vegetative Reproduction
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, when start from seeds the flowers will be the same but it will takes few years until blooming and its harder start by seeds than bulbs
Difficulties or problems when growing: Poisonous and the blooming season short
When is the best time to plant? Spring in hardiness zone 4-10a and autumn to winter 10-11
How to plant the bulb: Planting in the beginning of the season, dig bigger hole than the 5 times more than the bulb and add humus and organic matter mix it with the soil, plant the bulb 2cm (1inch) from the top of the bulb
Pests and diseases: Nematode, bulb mites bulb flies
Pruning season: End of the summer to autumn in hardiness zone 4-10a, end of the spring to summer in hardiness zone 10-11
How to prune: Dead leaves and flower stalk
Size of the plant? 20-60 cm (8-24 inches)
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing / Slow growing (especially when the plant young)
Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade (might have blooming problem) / Full Shade (it’s possible just after the plant start to bloom, without sun the plant won’t bloom.
In hardiness zone 10b-11 (the plant grow under deciduous trees) the plant get enough sun in the autumn to the winter (in the growing season) and grow in full shade in the spring
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No, but when get enough sun before blooming possible after this to put it indoor with full shade
How to care indoor: When grow as indoor because it’s not classic houseplant, need to expose the plant to sun before start to bloom (on the window), when the plant start bloom put the plant indoor until the dormant take and then stop to watering them
Growing is also possible in pots, planter, flowerpot or containers: Yes, when growing in container the plant (with one bulb can grow in 1L (0.2 gallon) and possible and better 2.5L (0.5 gallons), well-drained soil and better to use potting mix or something similar, every few need to check the soil that it’s still viable and if not take care of the soil by washing the old soil and put new, but in order to get flowers after a lot years need to check that the roots system not fill all the planter, if it’s full need to reduce that amount of plants or to increase the size of the container
Bloom season: Warm climate autumn-winter, in cool climate spring
General information about the flower: White flower, yellow the inner part looks like trumpet the flowers grow on stems
Alternative names: Paperwhite, Bunch-flowered narcissus, Bunch-flowered daffodil, Chinese sacred lily, Cream narcissus, Joss flower, Polyanthus narcissus