How to grow Custard apple

Custard apple tree growing – tree of the genus Annona also known as Annona reticulate or Red Annona. Custard apple tree evergreen perennial but in a cold weather become deciduous, can grow in tropics, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 10+.

Flowers green-yellowish, separate times on the same tree female and male flower, the flowers are protogyny at first female and after become a male flower.

Custard apple fruit

Fruit skin of the fruit is dandruff skin the dandruff sometimes part of the skin and sometimes sticking out the color of the skin brown and sometimes red and the inner color is brown or red

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How to grow custard apple tree – growing and care information:

How to take care of custard apple tree:
Two trees for increase the chance of pollination, prune once a year, fertilize 4 time a year (when the tree is young more nitrogen), cover the soil in mulch, add humus and organic matter, water regular

What is the way to start growing Annona reticulata:
Plant / Cutting conditions / Air layering / Seeds (explanation bellow)

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Yes

Difficulties/Problems with growing:
Low amount of fruit caused by the difference blooming hours between flower for male and female

Planting season:
Spring, summer, autumn

Pests and diseases:
Aphids

Pruning season:
Winter

How to prune:
Cut the outer branch, make the branches grow into each other in density, take by hand the leaves

Custard apple tree size:
2-6m, (6-20 feet) but recommend keeping it small

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Irrigation water management requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade

Is it possible to grow indoor?
No

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes

Growing in container:
Need to keep the tree small to grow it as shrub or as bonsai, consider to graft two cultivars on the same tree, the container need to be 20% bigger than the root ball until the plant arrive to the right container, wouldn’t recommend to start from big container on small tree in this method it’s care for the viability of the soil, grow with the tree will be the best method, every few years to switch the soil with big container there is no need to switch all just switch part and cut some of the roots ball (can switch from the side and the top, fertilizer four time a year, making enough holes in the container for good drainage also choosing soil for container important an option it’s to use peat soil, perlite and organic matter, need to add hummus few time a year, water it regularly and when put bottom for the pot be aware not to let the water sit there more than one day and do not over water it’s destroy the soil and the roots.

Blooming information

When does flowers bloom?
Spring / Summer

General information about the flower
Small green-yellowish flower, separate times on the same tree female and male flower, the flowers are protogyny at first female and after becomes a male flower.

Thinning / Deadheading of Custard apple tree Blossom:
First two years

Pollination is done by:
Beetles, Bees, hand-pollinate performed by collecting the male pollen by cotton swabs and pollinating the female flowers. Gathering flowers in a male form (make sure that the flowers from weak area or not next to female flower). Keep flowers in a dark place, high humidity, preferably in a cool and ventilated place. If the flower pollen has been taken out, the male flower not useful.

Tree not fruiting:
Well known common problem, few way to solve it: pollinate by hand, grow two different cultivars increase the chance to grow fruits, trough dead fruits and vegetable that attract beetles like peel of watermelon and melon

Edible Fruits

When does it yield:
Summer / Autumn

Pests or diseases in Custard apple fruit:
Birds, aphids

What can be done with big quantities of Custard apple fruit?
Eaten raw, juice, cakes, jam

Work requirements on the fruit:
Increase Irrigation, possible to put net under the tree to collect the fruits

How long does it take for a custard apple tree to bear fruit?
2-4 years

Ripening of fruit:
Recommend to collect the fruit little bit before ready

Growing custard apple from seed

Sowing requirement:
Better in peat soil with vermiculite possible in other soils, take care that the soil will be well ventilated (better result)

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry and dark location, keep it room temperature

Sowing season:
Spring will be the best for the tree but possible in summer, and in hardiness zone 12+ possible all year

Planting spacing:
Better in different pots – because need to graft it after and some won’t establish, better to choose the best to transplant to the real location

Depth of Sowing:
3-5cm, (~1-2inches)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, sunny location, water regularly and don’t let it dry

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
2-4 weeks

Condition of seedling:
Sunny location, humidity and moist soil

Scientific name:

Annona reticulata

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors

Climate

Harvest season

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone