Custard apple tree growing – tree of the genus Annona also known as Annona reticulate or Red Annona. Custard apple tree evergreen perennial but in a cold weather become deciduous, can grow in tropics, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 10+.
Flowers green-yellowish, separate times on the same tree female and male flower, the flowers are protogyny at first female and after become a male flower.
Custard apple fruit
Fruit skin of the fruit is dandruff skin the dandruff sometimes part of the skin and sometimes sticking out the color of the skin brown and sometimes red and the inner color is brown or red
Custard apple tree for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
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How to grow custard apple tree – growing and care information:
How to take care of custard apple tree:
Two trees for increase the chance of pollination, prune once a year, fertilize 4 time a year (when the tree is young more nitrogen), cover the soil in mulch, add humus and organic matter, water regular
What is the way to start growing Annona reticulata:
Plant / Cutting conditions / Air layering / Seeds (explanation bellow)
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Difficulties/Problems with growing:
Low amount of fruit caused by the difference blooming hours between flower for male and female
Spring, summer, autumn
Pests and diseases:
How to prune:
Cut the outer branch, make the branches grow into each other in density, take by hand the leaves
Custard apple tree size:
2-6m, (6-20 feet) but recommend keeping it small
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Irrigation water management requirement:
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow indoor?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Growing in container:
Need to keep the tree small to grow it as shrub or as bonsai, consider to graft two cultivars on the same tree, the container need to be 20% bigger than the root ball until the plant arrive to the right container, wouldn’t recommend to start from big container on small tree in this method it’s care for the viability of the soil, grow with the tree will be the best method, every few years to switch the soil with big container there is no need to switch all just switch part and cut some of the roots ball (can switch from the side and the top, fertilizer four time a year, making enough holes in the container for good drainage also choosing soil for container important an option it’s to use peat soil, perlite and organic matter, need to add hummus few time a year, water it regularly and when put bottom for the pot be aware not to let the water sit there more than one day and do not over water it’s destroy the soil and the roots.
When does flowers bloom?
Spring / Summer
General information about the flower
Small green-yellowish flower, separate times on the same tree female and male flower, the flowers are protogyny at first female and after becomes a male flower.
Thinning / Deadheading of Custard apple tree Blossom:
First two years
Pollination is done by:
Beetles, Bees, hand-pollinate performed by collecting the male pollen by cotton swabs and pollinating the female flowers. Gathering flowers in a male form (make sure that the flowers from weak area or not next to female flower). Keep flowers in a dark place, high humidity, preferably in a cool and ventilated place. If the flower pollen has been taken out, the male flower not useful.
Tree not fruiting:
Well known common problem, few way to solve it: pollinate by hand, grow two different cultivars increase the chance to grow fruits, trough dead fruits and vegetable that attract beetles like peel of watermelon and melon
When does it yield:
Summer / Autumn
Pests or diseases in Custard apple fruit:
What can be done with big quantities of Custard apple fruit?
Eaten raw, juice, cakes, jam
Work requirements on the fruit:
Increase Irrigation, possible to put net under the tree to collect the fruits
How long does it take for a custard apple tree to bear fruit?
Ripening of fruit:
Recommend to collect the fruit little bit before ready
Growing custard apple from seed
Better in peat soil with vermiculite possible in other soils, take care that the soil will be well ventilated (better result)
Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry and dark location, keep it room temperature
Spring will be the best for the tree but possible in summer, and in hardiness zone 12+ possible all year
Better in different pots – because need to graft it after and some won’t establish, better to choose the best to transplant to the real location
Depth of Sowing:
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, sunny location, water regularly and don’t let it dry
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water
Condition of seedling:
Sunny location, humidity and moist soil