How to grow Cherimoya

Cherimoya tree growing tree of the genus Annona, and also known as Annona cherimola, Cherimoya perennial evergreen but in a cold weather become deciduous plant, grow for the edible fruits, can grow in tropics, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 10+.

Flower small green-yellowish, separate times on the same tree female and male flower, flowers are protogyny at first female and after become a male flower, female stage and male stage in the early morning in the afternoon.

Cherimoya fruits

Fruit outer skin of the fruit is dandruff skin the dandruff part of the skin and the color of the skin green-yellow and the inner color is white-yellow, fruits in heart shape.

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How to grow and care for Cherimoya tree:

How to take care of Cherimoya tree:
Two trees for increase the chance of pollination grow the trees, prune once a year, fertilize 4 time a year (when the tree is young more nitrogen), cover the soil in mulch, add humus and organic matter.

How to plant cherimoya:
Dig hole bigger 50% more than the roots ball, add to the hole, organic matter, dead leaves and hummus put back some soil and mix it, after this put the tree cover lightly but strong enough that won’t fall put support for the tree if needed, if the tree is not stable consider to prune, water it  twice in the first day and every day for two weeks.

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seeds / Seedling / vegetative reproduction – air layering or cutting

Is it necessary to graft?
Yes

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Low amount of fruit caused by the difference blooming hours between flower for male and female and require hand pollination

Planting season:
Spring, summer, autumn

Pests and diseases:
Aphids

Pruning season:
Winter

How to prune:
Cut the outer branch, make the branches grow into each other in density, take by hand the leaves, prune the two trees that will grow, one into the other tree

Tree size?
2-5 m, 6-15 feet, (better to keep it small that will be easy to hand pollinate

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade

Is it possible to grow as houseplant (indoor)?
No

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes

Cherimoya tree in container:
When growing need to keep the tree small to grow it as shrub or as bonsai, consider to graft two cultivars on the same tree, container need to be 20% bigger than the root ball until the plant arrive to the desirable container, wouldn’t recommend to start from big container on small tree in this method it’s care for the viability of the soil, grow container with the tree will be the best method making enough holes in the container for good drainage also choosing soil for container important an option it’s to use peat soil, perlite and organic matter, care instruction every few years to switch the soil with big container there is no need to switch all the soil just switch part and cut some of the roots ball (can switch from the side and the top, fertilizer four time a year, need to add hummus few time a year, water it regularly and when put bottom for the pot be aware not to let the water stay there more than one day and do not over water it’s destroy the soil and the roots.

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring / Summer

General information about the flower
Small green-yellowish flower, separate times on the same tree female and male flower, the flowers are protogyny at first female and after becomes a male flower, female stage and male stage in the early morning in the afternoon.

Thinning the bloom:
First two years

Pollination is done by:
Beetles, bees, hand-pollinate

How to pollinate:
Hand pollination performed by collecting the male pollen by cotton swabs and pollinating the female flowers. Gathering flowers in a male form, (make sure that the flowers from weak area or not next to female flower). Keep flowers in a dark place, high humidity, preferably in a cool and ventilated place, if the flower pollen has been took out, the male flower not useful, grow two different cultivars increase the chance to get fruits another tip to increase chances to pollinate also trough dead fruits and vegetable that attract beetles like peel of watermelon and melon.

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, aphids

What can be done with big quantities of Cherimoya fruits?
Eaten raw, juice, cakes, jam

Work requirements on the fruit:
Increase Irrigation, possible to put net under the tree to collect the fruits

How long does it take for a Cherimoya tree to bear fruit?
2-4 years, from seeds take the fruits 4 years and even more, from grafted tree can take 2-3 years, but to bear fruit in big quantities after 7-9 years

Ripening of fruit
Recommend to collect the fruit little bit before ready

How to grow Cherimoya tree from seed

Sowing requirement:
Better in peat soil with vermiculite possible in other soils, take care that the soil will be well ventilated (better result)

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry and dark location, keep it room temperature

Sowing season:
Spring will be the best for the tree but possible in summer, and in hardiness zone 12+ possible all year

Planting spacing:
Better in different pots – because need to graft it after and some won’t establish, better to choose the best to transplant to the real location

Depth of Sowing:
3-5cm, (~1-2inches)

How to plant Cherimoya seeds:
Dig a hole bigger than the seeds cover it lightly better with peat soil or vermiculite

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, sunny location, water regularly and don’t let it dry

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
2-4 weeks

Condition of seedling:
Sunny location, humidity and moist soil

Scientific name:

Annona cherimola

Alternative names: Chirimoya, Chirimuya custard apple

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors

Climate

Harvest season

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone