How to grow Chamomile plant

Chamomile plant grow and care – herbaceous of the genus Matricaria or Chamaemelum also known as Camomile or Chamomile, Chamomile plant perennial evergreen (Roman chamomile) or annual plant (German chamomile) also used as ornamental fragrant plant and also used as medical plant, grow in mediterranean, subtropical or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone (Roman) 4-10a (German) 4-11.

Leaves edible the shape narrow 0.2mm wide 1-2 cm long that grow in pinnate structure, the stem is also can be used for beverage.

Chamomile plant flower

Flower edible the color white the inner part is yellow.

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How to grow Chamomile plant – growing and care:

Difference between Roman chamomile and German chamomile
Roman chamomile is perennial and German chamomile

How to grow:
Heavy soil, moist soil especially when the plant young

How to care:
Add fertilizer and mulch when the plant young

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative reproduction by cutting only for Roman chamomile

How to propagate by cutting:
Propagating by cutting better peat soil but possible other soil like potting mix, take care to have moist soil and high humidity, better to start in greenhouse in the spring and use root growth hormone.

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, easier to start by seeds

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Can be invasive

Planting season:
Roman – spring in hardiness zone 4-6 or 10a, spring to summer in hardiness zone 7-9,

German – spring to summer in hardiness zone 4-10a, autumn to winter in hardiness 10b-11

How to plant:
Planting in bigger hole than the root ball add fertilizer and organic matter, put water in the week at least once a day and need moist soil and put some mulch

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, mites, powdery mildew, mealy bug, thrips

Pruning season:
All season

How to prune:
Dead flower head

Size of the plant:
10-50 cm, 4-20 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing

Water requirement:
Small amount of water / Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No

Growing is also possible in a pots, planter, flowerpot or containers:
Yes, start with container that bigger than the plant at least 200%, size of the container 2.5-7L (0.5-1.5 gallons) and can be bigger for perennial, use potting mix or peat soil with perlite and mix it with humus and organic matter, use chopped mulch to keep the soil moist when the plant, let the bottom of the pot fill in water but dry in the same day, drainage of the soil is important and need to make enough holes and when growing as perennial need to switch the soil every few years.

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring / Summer /rarely in the autumn

General information about the flower:
Flower edible the color white the inner part is yellow

Pollination is done by:
Bees and attract pollinators

Uses of Chamomile plant flowers:
Beverage

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
Annual in hardiness zone 4-10a in hardiness zone 10b-11 autumn to spring,

How to harvest the leaves?
After the plant established, can be cut with the stems

Information about leaves:
Narrow leaf 0.2mm wide 1-2 cm long that grow in pinnate structure

Uses of Chamomile plant leaves:
Beverage, medical

How to grow Chamomile plant from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Moist soil, humidity, temperature 5-20C (41-68F)

Saving seeds and care until sowing:
Dry and dark place and better to keep the seeds in refrigerator

Sowing season:
Spring in hardiness zone 4-6, spring to summer in hardiness zone 7-9, spring or autumn in hardiness zone 10a and better to sow it in the temperatures, and as for the annual plant spring or autumn in hardiness zone 10b

How to plant:
When planting need that the seeds will get big amount of water and even to soak them in water for few hours and then plant them in moist soil

Planting spacing:
Depend the size of the plant 10*10cm (4*4 inches) or 15*20cm (6*8 inches)

Depth of Sowing:
0.5-1cm, 0.25-0.5 inches

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, full sun

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Germination time:
7-14 days

Condition of seedling:
Moist soil, full sun, better above 5C (41F)

Do the seeds require burying?
No, but in order to germinate better to keep in temperature of 5-10C (41-50F) few days before germination

Scientific name:

Matricaria chamomilla or Chamaemelum nobile

How to grow Chamomile plant

Chamomile plant

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