Plum tree growing tree of the genus and Prunus, Plum tree perennial deciduous plant, some of the species grow in temperate climate and cold area some can grow mediterranean, subtropical climate and grow in hardiness zone 3-10.
Leaves color is green, Cherry plum tree leaves color mostly purple but can be sometimes green, shape elliptic to oval.
Flower color white or pink with five petals, in most of the cultivars the flowers grows in clusters.
Plum tree fruits
Fruit edible round or oval size 1-7 cm, color of the fruit: red, orange, black, purple, pink yellow and more
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Requirements for Plum tree growing and care:
Chilling hours or cool winter depend the cultivar, if the tree attack in the beginning of the winter need to collect all the leaves and the fruit from the ground, cut all the infected branches
What is the best way to start growing?
Is it necessary to graft in Plum tree?
Yes, choose cultivar that fit for region, major different about cultivar: shape color, taste, season (from spring to autumn)
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Very sensitive to pests and disease
Winter, spring, summer, better to start with bare root tree, best to plant it in the winter to early spring, before planting better to cut the roots
Pests and diseases:
Aphids, Borer, mite
In winter it will reduce the amount of fruit, another option directly after the fruit and some fixing in the winter
How to prune:
Weak, dead and thin branches, it’s important to design the tree for easy pick up and to open the tree in order that all the fruits will get direct sun, better to reduce the amount of flowers and fruits in order to get bigger fruits
Size of the plant?
2-10 m, 6-30 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water to Big amount of water, better to increase the amount of water in the fruit season, that the fruit will be bigger, if the fruits are without a lot of taste possible to try to reduce the water few days before the harvest
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, need to choose small or dwarf cultivar and every few years need to add and switch some soil, always do it in the winter (when the tree dormant)
General information about the flower
White or pink flowers five petals
Thinning the bloom:
Firsts years recommend thinning, until the tree establish
Pollination is done by:
Fruit harvest season:
Spring / Summer
Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, fruit fly
Prevents pests by:
Net for bird, it’s a good solution need to check every morning that the birds didn’t caught up in the net. For fruit fly, net for cover all the tree, need to put the net after the tree finish to bloom or there are two kind of traps, one it’s a material that attract fruit fly and the other it’s yellow stickers.
What can be done with big quantities of Plum tree fruits?
Eaten raw, jams, juice, alcohol, cakes, ice-cream, fruit leather, dry fruits, highly recommend to graft on the tree few cultivars in different season or cultivars that bear not all the fruits in the same time, fully grown tree can bear something like 40kg
Work requirements on the fruit:
Cover the trees with net or protect the fruit with traps
How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-4 years, better in the first year to take the fruits down, better in the blooming or even better when there is the buds
Prunus sub. Prunus