How to grow Plum tree

Plum tree

Plum tree growing tree of the genus and Prunus, Plum tree perennial deciduous plant, some of the species grow in temperate climate and cold area some can grow mediterranean, subtropical climate and grow in hardiness zone 3-10.

Leaves color is green, Cherry plum tree leaves color mostly purple but can be sometimes green, shape elliptic to oval.

Flower color white or pink with five petals, in most of the cultivars the flowers grows in clusters.

Plum tree fruits

Fruit edible round or oval size 1-7 cm, color of the fruit: red, orange, black, purple, pink yellow and more

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How to grow Plum tree growing and care:

Chilling hours or cool winter depend the cultivar, if the tree attack in the beginning of the winter need to collect all the leaves and the fruit from the ground, cut all the infected branches

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant

Is it necessary to graft in Plum tree?
Yes, choose cultivar that fit for region, major different about cultivar: shape color, taste, season (from spring to autumn)

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Very sensitive to pests and disease

Planting season:
Winter, spring, summer, better to start with bare root tree, best to plant it in the winter to early spring, before planting better to cut the roots

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, Borer, mite

Pruning season:
In winter it will reduce the amount of fruit, another option directly after the fruit and some fixing in the winter

How to prune:
Weak, dead and thin branches, it’s important to design the tree for easy pick up and to open the tree in order that all the fruits will get direct sun, better to reduce the amount of flowers and fruits in order to get bigger fruits

Size of the plant?
2-10 m, 6-30 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water to Big amount of water, better to increase the amount of water in the fruit season, that the fruit will be bigger, if the fruits are without a lot of taste possible to try to reduce the water few days before the harvest

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, need to choose small or dwarf cultivar and every few years need to add and switch some soil, always do it in the winter (when the tree dormant)

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring, summer

General information about the flower
White or pink flowers five petals

Thinning the bloom:
Firsts years recommend thinning, until the tree establish

Pollination is done by:
Bees

Edible fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Spring / Summer

Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, fruit fly

Prevents pests by:
Net for bird, it’s a good solution need to check every morning that the birds didn’t caught up in the net. For fruit fly, net for cover all the tree, need to put the net after the tree finish to bloom or there are two kind of traps, one it’s a material that attract fruit fly and the other it’s yellow stickers.

What can be done with big quantities of Plum tree fruits?
Eaten raw, jams, juice, alcohol, cakes, ice-cream, fruit leather, dry fruits, highly recommend to graft on the tree few cultivars in different season or cultivars that bear not all the fruits in the same time, fully grown tree can bear something like 40kg

Work requirements on the fruit:
Cover the trees with net or protect the fruit with traps

How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-4 years, better in the first year to take the fruits down, better in the blooming or even better when there is the buds

Scientific name:

Prunus sub. Prunus

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors

Climate

Harvest season

Leaf color

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone