How to grow Medlar

Medlar growing tree or shrub of the genus Mespilus also known as Mespilus germanica, Common Medlar perennial deciduous plant, grow for the edible fruits also as ornamental plant, grows in temperate and cold mediterranean or subtropical climate, and growing in hardiness zone 6-10a.

Leaves color green light to dark in oval shape.

Flower color white with five petals, flowers grow in clusters.

Medlar fruits

Fruit color brown-yellow with a strong structure the fruit size 2-4 cm in round shape, taste remind quince and some cultivar need to be bletted or artificial ripening of fruit .

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Requirements for Medlar growing and care:

Cool winter, if the tree attack in the beginning of the winter need to collect all the leaves and the fruit from the ground, cut all the infected branches

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Yes, in order to get bigger fruits, sweeter and less seeds, but possible to

Difficulties or problems when growing:

Planting season:
Winter, spring, summer, in winter to early spring better to start with bear roots establish better

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, borer, mite

Pruning season:
Autumn to winter

How to prune:
Weak and dead branches, for design, for tree when young need to prune all the side branches or shrub need to prune the top of the main trunk in order to induce more side branches.

Size of the plant:
3-8m, 10-24 feet, possible to grow it smaller as shrub

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water (possible to big amount of water)

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, possible to grow it as

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
White flower mostly grow in clusters

Thinning the bloom:
The first years until the tree strong enough

Pollination is done by:
Bees, self-pollination

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, mite, fruit fly

What can be done with big quantities of Medlar fruits?
Eaten raw, baked, jams, cakes

Work requirements on the fruit:
Nothing special

How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-3 years

How to grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Moist soil, sunny location

Saving seeds and care until sowing:
Keep the seeds in cool and dark location

Sowing season:
Winter to spring

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots and graft it, the best that grow transplant to the location

Depth of Sowing:
1cm (0.5 inch)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, full sun

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water, don’t let it dry

Germination time:
4-6 weeks not include burying

Condition of seedling:
Moist soil, put mulch and water regularly

Do the seeds require burying?

Time to bury the seeds:
1-2 months, better to put it in the refrigerator or to sow it outdoor in the end of the winter

Scientific name:

Mespilus germanica

Alternative names: Common medlar, Crataegus germanica

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone