How to grow Medlar

Medlar plant grow and care – tree or shrub of the genus Mespilus also known as Mespilus germanica, Common Medlar plant perennial deciduous plant, grow for the edible fruits also as ornamental plant, grows in temperate and cold mediterranean or subtropical climate, and growing in hardiness zone 6-10a and with the right care in hardiness zone 10b.

Leaves color green light to dark in oval shape.

Flower color white with five petals, flowers grow in clusters.

Medlar plant edible fruits

Fruit color brown-yellow with a strong structure the fruit size 2-4 cm in round shape, taste remind quince and some cultivar need to be bletted or artificial ripening of fruit .

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How to grow Medlar plant growing and care:

Cool winter, if the tree attack in the beginning of the winter need to collect all the leaves and the fruit from the ground, cut all the infected branches

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed


Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Yes, in order to get bigger fruits, sweeter and less seeds, but possible to

Difficulties or problems when growing:

Planting season:
Winter to spring and possible in summer but less recommend, when planting bare roots winter to early spring after this it might die

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, borer, mite

Pruning season:
End of the autumn to beginning of the winter, but if there isn’t a lot of fruits better after the fruits season

How to prune:
Prune the week branches and dead, crossing branch, in order to get bigger fruits better to reduce the buds in order to get bigger fruits, old stems, reduce the amount of branches and need to take care that all the fruits will get enough light, for tree when young need to prune all the side branches or shrub need to prune the top of the main trunk in order to induce more side branches.

Size of the plant:
3-8m, 10-24 feet, possible to grow it smaller as shrub

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water (possible to big amount of water)

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter, flowerpot, containers:
Yes, in containers need to keep the plants small, start with pot that will be 20-50% more than the root ball, bigger the plant smaller the percentage, every time that the tree arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger until arrives to desirable size, better to use this method because the soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient of care for the tree, when the plant big need to switch part of the soil, drainage it’s important and need to make holes and to use peat soil and maybe some lava grit in the bottom or something like that, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day.

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
White flower mostly grow in clusters

Thinning the bloom:
The first years until the tree strong enough

Pollination is done by:
Bees, self-pollination

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, mite, fruit fly

What can be done with big quantities of Medlar plant fruits?
Eaten raw, baked, jams, cakes

Work requirements on the fruit:
Nothing special

How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-3 years

How to grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Moist soil, sunny location

Saving seeds and care until sowing:
Keep the seeds in cool and dark location

Sowing season:
Winter to spring

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots and graft it, the best that grow transplant to the location

Depth of Sowing:
1cm (0.5 inch)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, full sun

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water, don’t let it dry

Germination time:
4-6 weeks not include burying

Condition of seedling:
Moist soil, put mulch and water regularly

Do the seeds require burying?

Time to bury the seeds:
1-2 months, better to put it in the refrigerator or to sow it outdoor in the end of the winter

Scientific name:

Mespilus germanica

Alternative names: Common Medlar plant, Crataegus germanica

How to grow Medlar

Harvest Medlar fruit

Medlar fruit

Planting Medlar fruit

Planting season Medlar fruit

Medlar fruit care

Harvest Medlar fruit

Medlar tree

Medlar fruit tree

Growing Medlar fruit


Blooming Seasons
  • Spring flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible Fruit
Culinary uses
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Dried fruit
  • Eaten raw
  • Fruit
  • Ice pop & Ice cream plants
  • Jams
  • Juice
Flower colors
  • White flower
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Deciduous
  • Perennial plant
  • Tree
Plant Uses
  • Bonsai
  • Edible plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
  • Winter planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
Watering plants
  • Big amount of water
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9