Endive plant growing herbaceous leaf plant of the genus Cichorium also known as Cichorium endivia, Endive plant perennial deciduous plant also used as medical plant, can grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-10.
Endive plant leaves
Leaves color green, inner leaves grow like head the color can be red, green, white or yellow.
Flower color blue in small size 1-3 cm, the flowers grow on inflorescence, buds also edible.
Root edible and also used for medical uses, the taste is sweet the color is white with brown peel, root size is 5-12 cm.
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Requirements for Endive plant growing and care:
Weed free, moist, mulch, cold weather
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Spring or autumn, in warm summer climate in autumn
Pests and diseases:
Lettuce aphid, leaf-miners, slug
How to prune:
Dead leaves and if there is no use in the seeds recommend cutting the inflorescence
Size of the plant?
Top size 5-20 cm (2-8 inches) root size is 5-12 cm (2-10 inches).
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Spring / Summer
General information about the flower
Blue flower in small size 1-3 cm, the flowers grow on inflorescence
Pollination is done by:
Uses of Endive plant flower:
Curly Endive plant – leaves color white, green or yellow can be more than one color, leaves slender serrated like a feather.
Belgian Endive plant – leaves color green with white or mostly white when it grow in the dark.
Radicchio – leaves color green, inner leaves grow like head with color red with white vein.
Leaves harvesting season
How to harvest the leaves?
Can be cut leaf by leaf at the time or all the haed
Information about leaves:
Leaves color white, green, red or yellow can be more than one color, leaves slender serrated like a feather.
Uses of Endive plant leaves:
Information about Endive plant root:
White with brown peel with sweet taste, the root size is 5-12 cm.
When to pull up Endive plant root:
Uses of Endive plant root: