Belgian endive growing herbaceous leaf plant of the genus Cichorium also known as Endive, Belgian endive perennial deciduous plant also used as medical plant, can grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-9.
Belgian endive leaves
Leaves edible color green or yellow with white or mostly white when it grow in the dark.
Flower color blue in small size 1-3 cm, the flowers grow on inflorescence, buds also edible.
Root edible and also used for medical uses, the taste is sweet the color is white with brown peel; root size is 5-12 cm.
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Requirements for Belgian endive growing and care:
Weed free, moist, mulch, cold weather
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Spring or autumn, in warm summer climate in autumn
Pests and diseases:
Lettuce aphid, leaf-miners, slug
How to prune:
Dead leaves and if there is no use in the seeds recommend cutting the inflorescence
Size of the plant?
Top size 5-20 cm (2-8 inches) root size is 5-12 cm (2-10 inches).
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Spring / Summer
General information about the flower
Blue flower in small size 1-3 cm, the flowers grow on inflorescence
Pollination is done by:
Uses of Belgian endive flower:
Leaves harvesting season
How to harvest the leaves?
Can be cut leaf by leaf at the time or all the head
Information about leaves:
Green with white or mostly white when it grow in the dark.
Uses of Name leaves:
Information about Belgian endive root:
White with brown peel with sweet taste, the root size is 5-12 cm.
When to pull up Belgian endive root:
Uses of Belgian endive root: