Cyclamen somalense grow and care – geophyte leaf plant of the genus Cyclamen and also known as Somalense cyclamen, Cyclamen somalense perennial deciduous plant, used as ornamental plant, can grow in mediterranean, subtropical, temperate climate or indoor as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 9-11a and possible with the right overwinter care in hardiness zone 11b.
Leaves color dark to light green with white the structure of the color is changed between the cultivars, the shape of the leaf is heart shape.
How to care: Add fertilizer once a year, in cold winter better to take the bulb in the winter and plant in the spring and in hot summer without enough cold temperature pullout in the summer and plant in the autumn and storage the bulb in refrigerator in dry and dark location
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seeds / Vegetative Reproduction (tubers (bulbs))
How to propagate by tuber: Divide the bulbs need to be in the dormant season and better 2-4 after dormant, to know that the plant ready for division need to check that the plant have more than one source for the leaves growing (nub) and it’s mean that if there is only one location of growing better not to separate or to cut, when cut the bulb need to use sterile knife and plant it in sterile soil, better plant it back 2 weeks before the planting season and to let it heal outside of the soil.
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction? No, but harder to start from seeds and takes few years for blooming, from tuber it’s easier and faster
Difficulties or problems when growing: Tuber might die in too many summer rains without good drainage
Recommended planting season? Autumn
How to plant: Dig hole bigger that the root ball 50-100%, check that the soil without rocks, put organic matter and humus, after establish add fertilizer
How to plant the tubers: Planting tubers in rich soil, better to dig hole bigger than the tuber 100-300% to check that soil if rock free, put organic matter, humus, water it that the soil be moist until the plant start to grow, the bulbs be above the soil
Pests and diseases: Cyclamen mite, slugs for seedling
Pruning season: All season, but better after blooming season
How to prune: Dead leaves and dead parts of the bulb
Size of the plant: 5-15 cm, 2-6 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing / Slow growing
Water requirement: Small amount of water to average amount of water – depend the drainage of the soil and the amount of rains
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Half Shade / Full Shade
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes, when growing indoor important to check that there is enough light in order to get flowers also the temperature need to be cool in order to set flowers, do not locate next to heaters that will effect on the growth and might won’t bloom.
Problems indoor care: Not blooming possible from temperature that not fit indoor or not enough fertilizer
Growing is also possible in pots, planter, flowerpot or containers: Yes, when growing in container the plant (with one bulb can grow in 0.5-2L (1.3 gallon) depend the size of the bulb, well-drained soil and better to use potting mix or something similar, every few years need to check the soil that it’s still viable and if not take care of the soil by washing the old soil and put new also to keep the tuber possible in the dormant season to take them out of the soil, in order to get flowers after a lot years need to check that the roots system not fill all the planter, if it’s full need to reduce that amount of plants or change to bigger pots.
Bloom season: Autumn
General information about the flower: Cup (Crown) shape flower with 5 petals, colors: pink, purple, petals bend up and create like cup structure, the petals can be in varieties of shapes some cultivars flat or twist.
How to grow Cyclamen somalense from seeds
Sowing requirement: Sunny location with good drainage in temperature 10-20C (50-68 F)
Saving seeds and care until sowing: Dry and dark place, better to keep in refrigerate before sowing need enough cold hours to germinate
Sowing season: Spring or autumn mostly depend on the temperature and not on the season
How to plant: Better to plant in vermiculite and keep it moist
Planting spacing: 10*10 (4*4 inches) (can be less or more depend the size of the bulb) to transplant 3*3cm (2.2*2.2 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 0.5-1cm (0.25-0.5inches)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil with light humidity
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water, keep soil moist but not over water and don’t let it dry
Germination time: 2-8 weeks
Condition of seedling: Half shade, regularly water, keep the soil moist