Crataegus monogyna growing tree of the genus Crataegus also known as Common hawthorn or Single seed hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna perennial deciduous plant, grow for the edible fruits, but also used as ornamental plant and can grow as bonsai, can grow in temperate, mediterranean, subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4b-10a and with the right care in hardiness zone 10b.
Leaves color green lobed to deeply lobed with serrated edge.
Flower color is white in the inner part is yellow and the stamens are red, the flowers grow on clusters.
Crataegus monogyna edible fruits
Fruit edible, peel color red, inner part of the fruit is white or red, the shape of the fruit looks like little apple with crown in the top.
Crataegus monogyna for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
How to grow Crataegus monogyna – growing and care:
Chill hours, moist soil
How to care:
Cut all the infected branches, put fertilizer in the spring and summer, prune once a year, keep the tree small for easy harvest
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed (explanation bellow) / Air layer
Is it necessary to graft?
Yes, it’s ensure the quality of the fruits
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Fruits attack easy
Winter to summer in hardiness zone 4b-10a and winter to spring in hardiness zone 10b and when planting bare roots winter to early spring after this it might die
Pests and diseases:
Aphids, mealy bug, mites, borer
End of the autumn to beginning of the winter, but if there isn’t a lot of fruits better after the fruits season
How to prune:
Prune the week branches and dead, crossing branch, in order to get bigger fruits better to reduce the buds in order to get bigger fruits, old stems, reduce the amount of branches and need to take care that all the fruits will get enough light
Size of the plant:
3-10 m, 10-30 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, in containers need to keep the plants small, start with pot that will be 20-50% more than the root ball, bigger the plant smaller the percentage, every time that the tree arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger until arrives to desirable size, better to use this method because the soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient of care for the tree, when the plant big need to switch part of the soil, drainage it’s important and need to make holes and to use peat soil and maybe some lava grit in the bottom or something like that, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day
Spring / Summer
General information about the flower
White flower with yellow inner the stamens are red, the flowers grow on clusters.
Pollination is done by:
Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn
Fruits pests or diseases:
Fruit fly, birds
What can be done with big quantities of Crataegus monogyna fruits?
Eat raw, dry, cooked
Work requirements on the fruit:
Cover the tree or protect the fruit against fruit fly
How long does it take to bear fruit?
How to grow Crataegus monogyna from seeds
Moist soil, sunny location
Saving seeds and care until sowing:
Keep the seeds in cool and dark location
Winter to spring
Better in separate pots and graft it, the best that grow transplant to the location
Depth of Sowing:
1cm (0.5 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, full sun
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water, don’t let it dry
4-6 weeks not include burying
Condition of seedling:
Moist soil, put mulch and water regularly
Do the seeds require burying?
Time to bury the seeds:
1-2 months, better to put it in the refrigerator or to sow it outdoor in the end of the winter
Alternative names: Common hawthorn, Oneseed hawthorn, Single-seeded hawthorn, Quickthorn, Whitethorn, Motherdie