Cinnamomum burmannii grow and care – tree of the genus Cinnamomum also known as Indonesian cinnamon or Batavia cassia, Cinnamomum burmannii is perennial evergreen plant, used for the edible leaves (as spices) and edible bark also used as ornamental plant for the fragrant also possible to grow it as bonsai, can grow in mediterranean, subtropics or tropics climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ but with the right care can grow in hardiness zone 10a.
How to grow Cinnamomum burmannii growing and care:
Warm climate, moist soil, mulch especially when the tree is young
How to care: Add fertilizer once a year and when the tree is young better to fertilizer with high content of nitrogen, put mulch before the winter but when the tree young it’s important to put mulch to keep the soil moist
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction propagating by cutting or air layer, propagation by cutting, when start from branch need to choose brown fully grown use hormones that fit for woody branches, need to keep high humidity, moist soil and if put it in close box need to ventilate air at least twice a day, watering by spraying and tale care don’t let it dry.
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but possible to start from cutting or air layer and when the plant get the right condition it is possible and it’s hard to start by cutting
Difficulties or problems when growing: Contain toxic (courmarin)
Planting season: Spring to autumn but in hardiness zone of 10a plant in spring, hardiness zone 10b spring to summer, hardiness zone 11 spring to autumn, hardiness zone 12+ all year
How to plant: Dig a hole bigger 30-50% than the roots ball, possible to cut little bit the roots depend the condition of the tree, cutting can help the tree to send new roots and establish better, put in the hole organic matter, humus and dead leaves and mix it with the soil, after this put the tree and cover lightly, if the tree need care support use bamboo or other kind of cane and cover the soil with mulch, if the tree is not stable consider to prune, water it twice in the first day and every day for two weeks.
Pests and diseases: Aphids, brown spots
Pruning season: All year
How to prune: Week, dead branch, design in the plant with one or few main trunk it’s important for harvest because if will be a lot of little branches and not main trunk it will be hard to harvest and it will take more years.
Size of the plant: 4-7 m, 12-21 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing / Slow growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water – prefer regular amount of water with humidity and moist soil / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow as houseplant indoor? No, but possible to grow it indoor on the window with sun
Growing is also possible in a planter, flowerpot or containers: Yes, start with small pot 20-30% bigger than the roots ball, every time that switch the container to bigger switch some of the soil to new soil until arrive to the desirable container size, after that every few years better to switch part of the soil and cut some roots, no need to take the plant out just from the side of the container, soil can be used potting soil or mixture of peat soil and perlite, water it regularly and care when put bottom for the pot be aware not to let the water stay there more than one day and do not over water it’s destroy the soil and the roots, it’s not like to grow outdoor overwater will destroy the soil, need to add hummus few time a year.
Bloom season? Autumn / Winter / Spring
General information about the flower: Small flower in yellow color
Pollination is done by: Bees
Thinning the bloom: There is no need in the blossom unless need seeds and as long as the tree young it’s better to cut the bloom stems
Leaves harvesting season: All year but in cold winter better not in the winter
How to harvest the leaves? After tree establish root it doesn’t matter as long as you leave enough leaves on the tree
Information about leaves: Light to dark green depend on the sun exposure , shiny oval leaves
Uses of Cinnamon leaves: Beverage, fragrance, cooked, herb
When to harvest bark? All year, but better in the spring
How to harvest bark? After tree establish every year it’s possible to cut vertical line in the bark and wait until it disconnect from the tree, another option it’s to wait until the tree will take off the bark
Information aboutthe bark: Brown bark and it’s used after dry
Uses of the bark: Beverage, fragrance, cooked, spice, herb
How to make Vegetative Reproduction? Cutting
The time for vegetative reproduction: Spring / Summer
How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction? 3-6 weeks, but can take much longer, as long as the branch still show sign of a live it’s still possible
What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction? Moist, wet soil, half shade, high humidity, better to keep the plant in fog
How to grow Cinnamomum burmannii from seeds
Sowing requirement: Seeds are yellow with a brown bark, in the wild the seeds pass through the digestive of an animal, to simulate this situation rub the seeds and remove some of the bark, also recommend to sow in slightly acidic soil.
How to plant cinnamon seeds: Dig hole bigger than the seeds cover lightly and better to cover it with vermiculite for better result
Savingseeds care until sowing: Dry and dark place, room temperature
Sowing season: Spring to summer in hardiness zone 9-10a, spring to autumn hardiness zone 10b-11, all year in hardiness zone 12+.
Plant spacing: Potted in different pot, for plantation 4*5m (13*16 feet)
How deep to sow the seed? 1-2 cm (0.25-0.5inches) from the top
Seedingconditions: Rich soil, moist, half shade
Wateringthe seeds: Average amount of water
Germinationtime: 20-30 day but can be more than 4 months
Condition ofthe sprout: Moist, mulch, high humidity
Do the seedsrequire burying? No
Alternative names: Cinnamomum burmanni, Indonesian cinnamon, Padang cassia, Batavia cassia, Korintje, Burmannii cinnamon