Calluna vulgaris grow and care – shrub or subshrub of the genus Calluna also known as Heather plant or Scotch heather, Calluna vulgaris perennial evergreen plant used as ornamental plant for the flowers, bonsai and rarely as medical, grow in temperate, subtropical climate or indoor as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 4-9 and with the right care in hardiness zone 10.
Leaves color green grow in pinnate shape, leaf size 1-2 mm.
How to grow Calluna vulgaris – growing condition and care:
How to grow: Acid soil, rich soil, well drained
How to care: Fertilize once a year, put mulch, prefer weed free area
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction – cutting
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but easier to start from cutting and can ensure the color of the flower
Difficulties or problems when growing: Invasive, will burn in hot summer in full sun
Planting season: Spring in hardiness zone 4-6, spring to summer in hardiness zone 7-9, spring to autumn hardiness zone 10a, autumn to winter in hardiness zone 10b.
Pests and diseases: Spider mites, scale, weevil
Pruning season: Spring / Summer
How to prune: Dead stems
Size of the plant? 20-50cm, 8-20 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing / Medium growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade / Full Shade (But with light in warm weather)
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes, when grow indoor need to care for enough light, also far away from heater, might damage the leaves and won’t bloom
Growing is also possible in a pot / planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, start with pot that will be 50-70% more than the root ball, bigger the plant smaller the percentage, every time that arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger pot until arrives to desirable size, need to take care and switch every few years the soil, because the soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient, if it’s not possible to take the plant out the soil need to take part of the soil and switch (from the side of the plant, also prune the plant and the roots, soil need to be potting mix or peat soil with perlite, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day, also need to check that the water go out if not, or the soil not good or not enough holes in the container, also possible to grow it as bonsai.
Flowering season: Summer / Autumn
General information about the flower Pink, purple, red, blue or white flower, the shape it’s from close bell to trumpet in the size 1-3 mm, flowers grow in the end of the stem.
Saving and care seeds until sowing: Dark and dry place, better to keep in refrigerator
Sowing season: Spring to early summer (but not in the hot days of the summer), in warm weather like in hardiness zone 10b spring or autumn
How to plant: Better to plant in peat soil with vermiculite even if planting directly just dig a bigger hole and put vermiculite around the seeds
Planting spacing: 30*40 cm (12*16 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 2-4cm (0.8-1.7 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: High humidity, moist soil (better sunny location)
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Germination time: 3-7 weeks
Condition of seedling: Water regularly and don’t let it dry
Do the seeds require burying? Yes, better to keep the seeds under 0C (32F)
Calluna vulgaris varieties
Dark beauty – (also known as Heather dark beauty). The flowers color is dark cerise and the foliage is green. The plant can reach a height of 25cm (10 inches) after 5 to 10 years. The blooming time is August-October.
Sandy – (also known as Heather sandy, Scottish heather sandy, Scot heather sandy) the flowers color is white. The plant can reach a height of 40cm (16 inches) after 5 to 10 years. The blooming time is August-November.
Alicia – (also known as Heather Alicia, Scotch heather ‘Alicia’, Scots heather ‘Alicia’, Ling). The foliage color is bright green. The flowers color is white. The plant can reach a height of 25cm (10 inches) after 5 to 10 years. The blooming time is August-January.
Flamingo – (also known as Scotch heather flamingo, Ling heather flamingo). The flowers color is mauve and the foliage is dark green. The plant can reach a height of 30cm (11 inches) after 5 to 10 years. The blooming time is August-October.
Silver knight (also known as Ling heather) the leaves are grayish and the flowers are pink. The plant can reach a height of 45cm (18 inches) after 5 to 10 years. The blooming time is July-October.
Allegro – the flowers are cherry color and the leaves are dark green. The blooming time is July-October.
Amethyst the foliage is dark green the flowers are dark purple buds. The blooming time is August-January. The plant can reach a height of 25cm (10 inches) after 5 to 10 years.
Knlochruel – the foliage is bright green, bronzing at the tips in late autumn. The folwers are tiny, double color white. The plant can reach a height of 25cm (10 inches) after 5 to 10 years. The blooming time is August-October.
H.E beale – the foliage is dark green the flowers are pink/purple. The plant can reach a height of 30cm (11 inches) after 5 to 10 years. The blooming time is August-October.
Alternative names: Common heather, ling, Simply heather, Scotch heather, Firefly scotch heather, Calluna heather