Bougainvillea peruviana grow and care – vine of the genus Bougainvillea also known as Peru Buganvilla, Bougainvillea peruviana perennial evergreen or summer deciduous used as ornamental plant for flowers and as hedge plant, can grow in subtropics, mediterranean or tropics climate and growing in hardiness zone 9+.
How to grow Bougainvillea peruviana growing and care:
Trellising, prefer frost free but can survive frost better to cover the plant with mulch in the winter, well drain soil it’s important, dry weather, hotter the climate the plant will bloom better and longer period
What is the best way to start growing: Plant / Seeds – sowing season will be in the spring to summer, keep soil moist and expose it to full sun/ Vegetative Reproduction – cutting can be done in water or directly in the soil keep the soil moist all time and better in half shade
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but it’s possible and very easy to start from seeds, grafting possible and an idea to graft few color on the same plant
Difficulties/Problems with growing: Vicious grower (aggressive), can die in flooding, spines
Planting season: Spring and summer (in hardiness zone 9+), autumn hardiness zone 10b+ , winter hardiness zone 11b+
Pests and diseases: Aphids, leaf miner, moths
Pruning season: End of the autumn start of the winter, better to prune after blooming season
How to prune: Prune inner branches – after few years the inner part doesn’t get enough sun and the stems atrophy this is why consider to open the growth that each branches, prune dead branches, renewed growth is recommended to prune all the outer foliage.
Size of the plant: 0.6-2 m, 2-6 feet, but can be design as bonsai
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing in full sun, hot climate and good amount of water / Medium growing
Irrigation water management requirement: Small amount of water (possible but will grow less fast), average amount of water, the plant doesn’t like standing water and this might kill the plant, if it’s just in the rainy season the plant will survive.
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Prefer full sun but can grow in half shade will bloom less
Is it possible to grow indoor? No
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, when growing in contained need to take care of the drainage and switch soil every to year, better to grow it as small plant in container and ever design it in shapes
When does flowers bloom? In hardiness zone 9-10a from late spring to midsummer and sometime late summer, hardiness zone of 10b-11a can be planted from spring to autumn, hardiness zone 11b+ can be all year
General information about the flower Small white yellow flowers, Cover with 3 petal that are actually bracts, the color of the bracts can be: magenta-rose, purple, there are a lot of hue variety