Avocado tree growing tree of the genus Persea also known as Avocado tree or Alligator pear, Avocado tree perennial evergreen plant also used as ornamental plant, can grow in tropic, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 9+.
Leaves color green and glossy in ovate shape.
Flowers of Avocado tree unique they are also male and female but they do not open during the same hours, each flower begins its life as a female flower and end is life as a male. Female flower blooms for several hours while the male flowers are not in function about a day after the male bloom will open while the female parts no longer in function. There are two kind of varieties A and B. A variety is the species whose female flowers bloom in the morning and male bloom at the evening, B variety is the species that’s the male flowers bloom in the morning and female bloom at the evening.
Fruit mostly oval (pear shape) the skin of the fruit is can be smooth or like alligator skin colored green to brown black the fruit inside is green.
There are a variety of Avocado tree trees on different dates ripening. Possible to graft together more than one variety on the Avocado tree tree will increase the chances of bearing fruit.
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Requirements for Avocado tree growing and care:
Two trees different varieties A and B, frost free
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Necessary to graft
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Some species bearing all the fruit at once
Possible all year, spring it’s better
Pests and diseases:
After the fruit (in the varieties there is always fruit or flower)
How to prune:
Dead branch and branch that start to grow in upside
Size of the plant?
5-20 m, 15-60 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Spring / Summer / Autumn / Winter (most of the year depend on the cultivars)
General information about the flower
Male and female flower that not open during the same hours, flower begin the life as a female flower and as a male. female flower blooms for several hours while the male flowers are not in function, about a day after the male bloom will open while the female parts no longer in function. There are two kind of varieties A and B. A variety is the species whose female flowers bloom in the morning and male bloom at the evening, B variety is the species whose the male flowers bloom in the morning and female bloom at the evening
Thinning the bloom:
The firsts years should thinning by hand after that there is natural thinning of the tree if it’s too much thinning there is probably lace of water
Pollination is done by:
Bees and more
Fruit harvest season:
Spring / Summer / Autumn / Winter (most of the year depend on the cultivars) in colder place in the cold winter there isn’t fruits
Fruits pests or diseases:
What can be done with big quantities of Avocado tree fruits?
Eat raw, salad
Work requirements on the fruit:
Just to pick them up, if there is too much bird necessary to cover the tree with net
How long does it take to bear fruit?
Ripening of fruit:
Better to pick the fruits before and let them ripen at home, in some cultivars when you feel the seeds moving inside it’s the time to pick them up
Grow from seeds
Take Avocado tree seeds and place it in a glass (if using a disposable glass do not forget to recycle it) take three toothpicks and stab the seed in three places in a position that it will be stable (or two sticks). Another thing put the seed inside the water one-third and two thirds out of the water. Water should be replaced every few days. After the seed has roots it is the time to move it the ground, also possible direct sow
Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, room temperature
Different pot’s or at least 1 m (for the future 3-5 m)
Depth of Sowing:
Cover all the seeds plus 3-5 cm cover with soil from the top
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Watering requires for Seeds:
Big amount of water
Condition of seedling:
Do the seeds require burying?