Avocado plants for sale Easy plant to grow with edible fruits but also grown for the ornamental tree for hedge plant, planting in spring to autumn, better to buy plant, grafted tree or another option to start from seeds.
Avocado plants – information before buying:
Growing information: perennial plant, growing hardiness zone: 9+, water needed – average to big amount, light conditions – full sun to partial shade, height: 5-20m, 15-65 feet.
Blooming can be deferent season depend on the cultivars, flowers that appear in yellow color.
Fruit harvesting can be deferent season depend on the cultivars.
Alternative names: Alligator pear, Persea americana
Location – try to choose a place with the most hours of sunlight possible and well drained soil.
Planting – Indoor avocado can start with a pit or with a grafted dwarf tree. Outdoor avocado are grown from compatible rootstock. It is not recommended to start from seed as it might less produce fruits.
Watering – Tree needs to be watered 2 to 3 times a week for a young tree. After one year the frequency can decrease to once a week and more water applied.
Pruning a young tree – Once the avocado’s central stem is about 15cm (6 inches) tall, cut it back to about 7.5cm (3 inches). Once the avocado tree reaches 30cm (12 inches) cut the tip and upper leaves. It will encourage new growth. For lateral branches trim them when they are 15-20cm (6-8 inches) tall. The best is to leave the shorter possible lateral branches, as this is where will grow flowers and fruits.
Pruning an established tree – The best time is in autumn or winter before the active growth period if you are doing a heavy pruning, otherwise you can do it at any time.
Pollination – Avocado are usually not self-pollinated as the male and female parts aren’t opened together. It can sometimes be self-pollinated from the winds.
Fertilizer – For a young tree fertilize indoor avocado every 3 weeks and outdoor avocado every month. After that fertilize the tree 3 times a year.
Pest and diseases – The most common disease for avocado is root rot fungi, persea mite and excess salt accumulation. Avocado sick because of root rot has pale green leaves, sparse foliage. New leaves barely grow with poor color. To treat a sick avocado at early detection fumigate small spots of disease. Otherwise cut off the plant at ground level and fumigate the soil.
An avocado sick from persea mite has small necrotic spots on the leaves. New necrotic spots will appear between the veins. Necrotic spot can block the transport of carbohydrates from the leaf cell to the vein. The fruit will fall. To confirm you are facing persea mite hold a white sheet of paper horizontally under symptomatic foliage and rap the stem sharply; the mites will be evident on the paper as moving specks. To water jet the plant can help to control the infection.
Excess salt is detected by burn of older yellow leaves and early defoliation. It comes from an excessive fertilizer application.