White sapote growing tree of the genus Casimiroa also known as White sapota, White sapote perennial evergreen plant and grow for the edible fruits and can used as ornamental plant, grow in mediterranean, subtropics or tropics climate and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ and with the right overwinter care in hardiness zone 10a.
Leaves growing in groups 3-5 leaves, flowers small white with green the flowers growing in inflorescence structure.
White sapote edible fruits
Fruits color green to yellow depend on the sun and cultivars, in round taste, fruits taste remind Annona with imagination the fruit eaten when it soft not too much getting an sweet avocado taste.
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How to grow White sapote – growing condition and care:
Well drained soil, keep it small
How to care:
Add before blooming season fertilizer, prune once a year, cover the tree with net when it’s bearing fruits
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seeds / Vegetative reproduction
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Yes it necessary to graft in order to get fruits that can be: bigger, smaller seeds or lack of seeds, sweeter or less sweet, different harvest season and possible to harvest not when full ripen
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Fruit attack easily by fruit fly, the color of the fruit is yellow green sometimes it’s hard to know when to pick the fruits, the fruits have soft skin when they are ready if they touch something they smash
Spring, summer, autumn ( and in the tropic can be also in winter)
Pests and diseases:
After the fruits, or before the winter
How to prune:
Recommend to keep this tree small
Size of the plant?
5-8 m, 16-26 ft. but its recommend to keep the tree small
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, but not recommend when grow it in container need to start growing from air layering or grafted tree and the grafting need to be small, there are cultivars that can be smaller, when choose to grow it in container be aware that might not bear fruits without a lot of fertilizer and the right care
Several time a year but if depend can bloom in early spring, winter, and late summer, in different climates bloom in different dates
General information about the flower
Small white green flower, growing in inflorescence structure
Thinning the bloom:
In the first years should thinning, sometime the tree bloom in the winter or in wind season in this case you should cover and protect from winds
Pollination is done by:
Bees and more pollinators
Fruit harvest season:
Summer in hardiness zone 10a, summer to autumn in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11, all year in hardiness zone 12+
Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, aphids, ant, mediterranean fruit fly
What can be done with big quantities of White Sapote fruits?
Work requirements on the fruit:
Cover the tree with net of something to protect the fruit
How long does it take for a White Sapote tree to bear fruit?
3-5 years and from seeds 7+ years
Ripening of fruit:
Better to pick up the fruit before fully ready
How to eat White sapote:
Eat the fruits without peal and seeds
How to grow White sapote from seeds
Clean the seeds, possible to scratch the seeds cover little bit, fresh seeds
Saving seeds and care until sowing:
When can’t sow it directly need to put the seeds with well moist peat soil in close transparent nylon bag
Fresh seeds if not the seeds lose viability and die
How to plant:
Better to use soil that will keep the moist possible to use vermiculite, peat soil or both
Better different pots possible 30*40cm (12*16 cm) when transplant it, directly in the location 4*5m (12*15 ft) for medium trees for small tree 3*3m (10*10 ft)
Depth of Sowing:
2cm (1 inch) from the top of the seeds
Conditions for seeds germinate:
High humidity, moist soil,
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water, keep the soil moist and don’t let it dry
Condition of seedling:
Full sun and well-drained soil
Vernon – sweet green color of fruits
Alternative names: Casimiroa, White sapote, Mexican apple, Cochitzapotl, White zapote, Casimiroa sapota